A Rubric for Rubrics
A Tool for Assessing the Quality and Use of Rubrics in Education











Clarity of criteria

Criteria being assessed are unclear, inappropriate and/or have significant overlap

Criteria being assessed can be identified, but are not clearly differentiated or are inappropriate

Criteria being assessed are clear, appropriate and distinct

Each criteria is distinct, clearly delineated and fully appropriate for the assignment(s)/course

Distinction between Levels

Little/no distinction can be made between levels of achievement

Some distinction between levels is made, but is not totally clear how well

Distinction between levels is apparent

Each level is distinct and progresses in a clear and logical order

Reliability of Scoring

Cross-scoring among faculty and/or students often results in significant differences

Cross-scoring by faculty and/or students occasionally produces inconsistent results

There is general agreement between different scorers when using the rubric (e.g. differs by less than 5-10% or less than level)

Cross-scoring of assignments using rubric results in consistent agreement among scorers

Clarity of Expectations/ Guidance to Learners

Rubric is not shared with learners

Rubric is shared and provides some idea of the assignment/ expectations

Rubric is referenced - used to introduce an assignment/guide learners

Rubric serves as primary reference point for discussion and guidance for assignments as well as evaluation of assignment(s),

Support of Metacognition (Awareness of Learning)

Rubric is not shared with learners

Rubric is shared but not discussed/ referenced with respect to what is being learned through the assignment(s)/course

Rubric is shared and identified as a tool for helping learners to understand what they are learning through the assignment/ in the course

Rubric is regularly referenced and used to help learners identify the skills and knowledge they are developing throughout the course/ assignment(s)

Engagement of Learners in Rubric Development/ Use *

Learners are not engaged in either development or use of the rubrics

Learners offered the rubric and may choose to use it for self assessment

Learners discuss the design of the rubric and offer feedback/input and are responsible for use of rubrics in peer and/or self-evaluation

Faculty and learners are jointly responsible for design of rubrics and learners use them in peer and/or self-evaluation

*Considered optional by some educators and a critical component by others


Scoring: 0 - 10 = needs improvement 11 - 15 = workable 16 20 = solid/good 21 24 = exemplary


Dr. Bonnie B. Mullinix Monmouth University December 2003