Date: Tue, 07 Jan 2003
From: Thomas Barr
Subject: Some Stages of the Aquascaper
Differentiating from the plant _gardener_, the plant aquascaper has a much
longer, and less frustrating path in development.
"Gardening" involves the growing aspects of aquatic horticulture. This
includes the physiology, ecology, pruning, aquarium maintenance and
mastering the ability to use the "colors"... the plants themselves.
I started off aquascaping with rock, next came coral and marine tanks, then
driftwood and finally to plants both Marine and Freshwater.
The "Aquascaper" uses the colors(the plants) to paint their design.
Aqauscaping involves all aspects of design and layout. This extends beyond
the confines of the tank itself as a well placed tank in a home, office or
or other dwelling will greatly enhance the over look and impact.
One can be a great aquascaper yet a poor gardener, but most are good
gardeners first then later develop their artistic abilities with more focus
on the design.
Some wish to dissect the elements of the aquascape, immerse themselves in
the artistic elements of space, design and layout. Some wish to focus on
techniques such as attaching moss to wood for a natural effect. Some, like
perhaps the majority of folks, wish simply to have a tank full of plants
without algae and to have their choice of plants to grow.
Most discussions about aquarium plants revolve around how to keep plants
rather than design.
Many people start off choosing plants that are not easy to grow for the
beginner and change their design plans. Later, after a period of algae woes,
they simply want to keep the tank free of algae.
Many folks feel they need to work more on algae control and growing the
plants than the aquascape. Some folks stay true to their original design.
Other folks let the tank evolve on it's own.
These stages are not in any sort of _definite order_ since many folks may
jump from one area to another unlike many aspects of the
mechanical/biological "gardening/hoticulture". Nor is this all inclusive nor
"Hey!, It's growing, I saw a new leaf today! I see pearling! It's
Alive!(with a Dr. Frankenstein tone)". This stage is fun, but often the only
goal is growing the plants but adding any plants to an aquarium is a design
choice. Often, it's just what will grow in their tank and added anywhere.
Many folks start off like this and later develop design interest.
How much of the tank do I want to use for plants? Many folks start off with
the goal to plant only a part of the tank or sparingly. This is not
surprising since most folks are comfortable with rock and/or wood already.
Seldom do folks jump right into a planted without other aquarium experiences
so this allows them to "stick their big toe into the water" without fully
committing to a full blown planted tank which might seem a bit too
These tanks can look very nice depending on the layout and the aquarist
design and ideas and is perhaps a sub area of design versus a fully planted
tank. Many aquarist want the fish to be the main focus and the plants to be
a secondary consideration. Floating plants only can be added to most all
freshwater aquariums and can be included in this stage. These tanks can be
done to a very level of design and impact.
the psychological disease known as "Collectoritus".
This person wants every new plant that comes along (which includes most of
us). This is a good exercise, though not at first glance. Since plants are
the colors, learning how to grow each one of them is very helpful to execute
later designs. You need the "colors" to "paint". It also helps the aquarist
to get to know and understand each plant on a personal level and realize
it's long term potential for placement in the tank design. Many plants may
grow too fast for placement in a design for example while other may grow too
slow to maintain the design choice without a great deal of work.
Collectoritis is somewhat like a zoo, a few species here and there, mixed
in, seldom looking like a natural design. But one of the most interesting of
all tanks is the one that has many rare and interesting plants with a good
design as well. This can be very challenging.
"Darn, I can grow plants well, now I have to design something?" Many folks
slowly increase the groups of plants they keep over the years. They start
off with a little bit of Riccia in one corner. A couple of years later, they
have added it as most of the foreground or the entire tank.
Many folks are torn between having more species and having a large field of
one to few species. But the overall impact can be seen in many aquarium of
the large groupings of a single species. Nowhere has this been shown to be
true than in Amano's book one with the Glosstigma. But the emphasis on the
groupings impact becomes increasingly important and the aquarist is more
willing to try larger grouping designs to see how the tank looks. This
involves reducing other species which many aquarist have difficulty with.
A good way around that: the plants will be there later when you want to
redesign the tank, nothing is permanent. The tank grows and evolves, so does
the aquascaper. Think of it as "renting" a few plants for awhile. If you
change your mind, you can always go back and use the other plants, after
all, planted tanks are anything but static, they are constantly changing.
The technique freak. Using java fern attached to wood was the first real
planted goal I had when I first decided to get serious about a fully planted
tank. I thought that the Aponogeton bulbs I bought were Java fern and
proceed to crush them into the wood cracks. Two out of the 20 lived.
This stage involves some very gratifying work. It is somewhat like using the
plant "colors" as it gives three dimensionality to many designs with a
minimum of a maintenance. Moss looks very impressive on thin crooked
branches stuffed into a group of rocks. Everyone loves Riccia rocks and
branches. Using cotton thread, thin (but not too thin!), glues, like
silicone folks can attach plants to rocks, driftwood or cork the back of the
tank's wall(e.g. cork wall tanks).
Folks that are interested in design and execution using these techniques
often will make this the central theme and leave much of the remainder of
tank more subdued.
The sloper. The Sloper realizes that the tank's look and impact can be
radically changed by adding hills and valleys to gravel/substrate. Sloping
the gravel can create three dimensionality. Many aquascapers try to use the
plants and trimming techniques to do this. This make the tank more labor
intensive and often results in "flat tank syndrome" with overgrown plants
most of the time. Sloping also opens a tank up more and keeps a sense of
order and design in the tank.
The micro grouper. No, it's not a small Grouper fish. These folks will get a
nice looking groups within a tank and try to add them together in an over
all design. Sort of a collage of different micro scenes.
The external aquascaper. These folks often work outside of the tank with a
nice cabinet design, lighting, house plants near by, nice location in the
house, some put waterfalls, garden style rooms around their tank. Anything
to do with the external tank designs.
The imitator. These folks see a design and try to emulate it. A good work
study for folks. Although many are often too hard on themselves for not
getting exact details down, later more seasoned folks realize that close to
the same design with a different plant, or slightly differing rock
arrangement, driftwood etc, does not ruin the design but actually gives each
and every work it's own personality and uniqueness.
A sub group here worth mentioning is the Canvasser. Thios aquarist uses a
backdrop of a single plant, such as Glosstigm or Riccia are the background
for design and then added color and texture to the tank. They can remove the
plants and build or layer on the "plant canvas" and rearrange designs
quickly without disturbing the tank or the general layout too much.
The Dutch aquarist. The focus is on design elements of the Dutch European
style, gardens. Lots of pruning, generally easier plants are kept.
The Natural aquarist: Design inspiration from natural scenes.
The innovator: Makes their own style and techniques and attempts to break
the conventions associated with aquascaping with a stunning impact.
Many of these stages are interwoven, intermingled and interconnected.
Some folks start off with great designs, others take many years to find
interest in this area. Some may never find much interest in this topic. But
I think everyone is awed by a spectacularly designed tank. But folks need to
take the risk and try out their ideas, there's no limit to the creativity if
A new person with a good interesting design will win out over the best
grower in the world for an aquascaping competition. So try it!