Believe it or not, when we talk about the element of "value" in art, we aren't talking about how much money the artwork is worth. Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. Value is often used to show depth in a picture, so the picture looks more 3-D and not flat.
Value: The lightness or darkness of a color.
Here's what you do:
1. Put your paper on the desk in front of you, landscape style.
2. Fold it in half so that the left side meets up with the right side. Repeat twice. Pinch edges so folds are nice and crisp.
3. Open your paper. Now do the same thing with the paper turned portrait style, only folding twice. See me if you need help with this.
4. Open your paper. You should have 4 rows of 8 squares, each.
5. Turn paper back to landscape style.
6. Shade the top left square as dark as you can with your pencil. It should be black and shiny without a single white spot in the square.
7. Shade each square progressively lighter. The last square should be pure white. Each square should be a different shade -- no two should be alike. Each transition should be even, with no big jumps lighter or darker across the page.
8. Repeat with the next row, only this time starting with white and getting darker and darker until the last square is pure black. Strive to get a nice, even transition from white to black with no big jumps in darkness.
9. Repeat until all 4 rows are shaded.
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