Learn About: Opposites
Kids are curious about the jungle and here is packet that will help them explore jungle life. This packet contains suggested hands on activities that help them learn about the ways of the jungle. They will learn about different animals and creatures that
live deep within the jungle as well as learning about the people of the jungle. They will learn how to make their own rain forest from a simple lawn sprinkler and a large old tree and learn about the five levels of a rain forest. Included are
instructions to make a jungle terrarium. They will creating a jungle wall mural jungle, do creative writing from a jungle vocabulary and more.
Some but not all of the activities have patterns included. It is important for the parent or caregiver and the child to create some of their own ideas to make your experience unique and personal. Creating and experimenting are much more fun than just
following written directions.
Letter and Number Activities:
Using the letter J outline included in the packet, do one of the following:
Place jungle animal stickers in the outline
Color the letter J colors of the jungle - greens and browns
Glue some small colored jewels in the letter J
Cut the letter J into a three or four piece Jigsaw puzzle
Place the letter J on the floor and Jump over it.
Using the number 10 outline included in the packet, do one of the following:
Place 10 stickers representing the jungle in the outline
Using a green ink pad put your fingerprint in the outline 10 times
Glue 10 pretty jewels in the outline
Print 10 Jís in the outline
Learning Opposites Activity:
Explain what opposite means by giving a few examples. Up - down, left - right, etc.
Have the children give the opposite answer to the following words:
come - (go)
open - (closed)
over - (under)
break - (fix)
top - (bottom)
messy - (clean)
in - (out)
front - (back)
night - (day)
first - (last)
Use the provided coloring pages to color even more opposite words and pictures.
Learning About The Tropical Rain Forest With Activities:
Where can you find an antelope the size of a rabbit, a frog that can fly, or a spider that eats birds? All in tropical rain forests.
Activity: use the frog pattern, color him any color you wish, punch a hole in the frog and hang him on a string, make him fly.
Tropical rain forests are home to the strangest-looking, beautiful, largest and smallest, dangerous and least frightening, loudest and quietest animals that there are on earth.
Activity: Draw the strangest looking animal you can. What do you call your animal?
Youíve probably heard of some of them; jaguars, toucans, parrots, gorillas, and tarantulas all make their homes in tropical rain forests. About half of all the worldís species live in tropical rain forests.
Activity: look in books for some of these animals and learn about them.
The almost perfect weather conditions in the rain forest contributes to the large number of species that live within them. With temperatures at 75 -80 degrees the whole year, animals donít have to worry about freezing during cold winters or finding shade
in the hot summers. They rarely have to search for water, as rain falls almost every day in tropical rain forests.
Activity: check the temperature in your area, how close is the temperature in your area to the temperature in rain forest?
If you were to visit a rain forest, you probably wouldnít run into many jaguars or monkeys. The only living animals you might see are the millions of insects creeping and crawling in every layer of the rain forest.
Activity: go outside and see if you can find any insects creeping and crawling around.
Some rain forest species have populations that number in the millions. Other species consist of only a few dozen individuals.
Activity: fill one can with many small alike items that represent a rain forest species ( stones, etc), fill another with only a few alike items that represent a different type of species.
Many large mammals such as leopards and apes need miles and miles of territory to roam and have a tough time surviving in the smaller habitats they are forced into by humans when rain forests are destroyed
Activity: use a stuffed animal such as a tiger or monkey. Place him the yard in a large area where it would have lots of room to roam. Look around and see all the places the animal could travel in your yard. Now take the same animal and place him a small
confined area (put him inside a hula hoop or in a circle made of rope), now look to see where it might roam if it cannot leave the confined area you created. How do you think the animal feels about this?
The jungle has many layers, five main ones from top to bottom:
Emergent: The few tallest trees, these branches are the home for many birds.
Canopy: A dense, thick covering of vines and tree tops, these make a roof for the rain forest. Most of the jungles plants and animals live in this layer. It is about 100 to 130 feet above the ground.
Understorey: The tops of the smaller trees, there is much more space here and has itís own animal life.
Shrub: Smaller trees and shrubs. The thickness of this area depends on how much sunlight can reach it.
Herb: This is the undergrowth of fern type plants. Many insects live here.
Make A Rain Forest
Run through the rain forest. Take an everyday water sprinkler hooked to the hose and place it up high in a tree so the sprinkler holes face down. Turn on the water and you have a tropical rain forest.
Have each child bring two or three stuffed animals from home. Hide the stuffed animals and have the children find them. Make your safari hats first from the directions below.
Make a simple map and cut it in three or more pieces. Hide each piece of the map somewhere in or outside of the house. Make little notes on them as to where to find the other pieces. When the child has found all the pieces, the child puts them together
and follows the map to a treasure box. Use a large box and decorated it like a treasure chest and put surprise treasures in it.
Hands On Activities
Jungle Lunch Table
Cover the table with a green fringe table skirt or grass skirting. Place a green potted plant in the middle. Place some small stuffed animals or a couple rubber snakes near the base of the plant. Use green and yellow plastic silverware and paper
plates. Place streamers all over the chair backs to add to the jungle theme.
Jungle Wall Mural:
Using a roll of butchers paper (white), paint your version of a jungle on the paper and display it on the wall. Do some research first to make sure you are painting actual jungle scenes. Variation: make it to represent the five jungle layers you learned
about on the prior page.
Make binoculars from toilet paper tubes. Staple together, cover one end with saran wrap, cover the tubes with construction paper and decorate. Punch a hole on each side for a string to make a neck band.
Jungle Safari Hat
Use a large tin can (the ones that measure about 6 across). Or you can use a mixing bowl that is approximately the size of a childís head if they were to place it on their head like a hat. If using a bowl, donít use one that gets smaller at the bottom,
try to use one with the least shape possible. Cut one piece of butchers paper in a square that measure 18 by 18 for each child. For larger children you may want to cut them 20-22 square. Place the tin can or bowl upside down on the table, place the paper
so it is centered over the bottom of the can or bowl. Smooth the paper in a downward fashion to take shape of the tin can or bowl. Once it is shaped, use masking tape and tape around the shape about 4-5 inches down. Be sure you tape it nice and even all
the way around and do this 3-4 times so it is nice and tight. Now it is time to lift the hat off the can or bowl. Cut around the edges of the paper in any fashion you wish, round, zig - zag, square. Use spray paint to paint it, good colors to use are
browns and greens, this makes it more like a safari hat. You can spray it little dots, solid or stripes. If you want to you can braid twine and make a band to go around the taped area.
Decorate a room like a jungle by doing the following: cut the seams from large black trash bags to make them a single thickness and long.. Tape them on the walls of the room, covering all the walls. Cut out several leaves from the leaves pattern included
in the packet to tape to the black walls. Be sure to use multi green colors. Use green streamers to tape across the room in a wild sort of way to make the room look even more like a jungle. Place a few stuffed animals here and there and you can even tape
on a few wild looking bugs.
Find out the meaning of the following words, you could use a book about jungles, a dictionary, a computer, take a trip to a library to look them up.
Using the words you just learned the meanings to, write a short story about the jungle and rain forest. If you are working with several children have each one contribute a sentence one at a time until the story is complete.
Your terrarium will represent a small jungle or rain forest. You can make small terrariums out of jars or large terrariums from small fish aquariums.
Place a layer of charcoal and gravel in the bottom of your terrarium. Add about one inch of rich compost. plant several plants that you may have taken a field trip to a nursery to purchase. Be sure to pick out fresh, sturdy plants. Make sure they are not
to large for your terrarium. For decoration, you can add small gravel and stone around your plants. Moisten the soil and cover tightly with a glass or plastic top. Be sure to place the terrarium in a warm, sunny location. This will make the water
recycle, keeping the terrarium nice and moist for the plants to thrive. You may have to add water every few weeks or so.
If you are using jars, you can use plastic wrap with rubber bands as a lid. Explain to the child that the lids serve as a roof for the rain forest, the roof aids the forest in keeping the forest floor moist as well as the air. This is why it is called a
Make A Jungle Mask
Have pictures of jungle animals displayed on the table. Provide paper plates, markers or crayons, glitter, fur, construction paper, pipe cleaners, etc. Be sure to remember the scissors, glue and paper punch. The punch can be used to punch holes around
the plate to string yarn for hair or manes. Punch the sides of a paper plate and tie a length of yarn at each hole so the mask can be tied to the childís head. Be sure to cut out the eye holes.
Cut out grocery sized paper bags into vest shapes. Sponge paint them to look camouflaged.
Food is plentiful in the jungle but it has to be caught and gathered. Hide several food items around the outside or inside of the house. Apples, bananas, whatever the child likes to eat. Provide the child with a brown lunch bag and have them hunt their
On the floor or a well covered table, place a tray of water, a tray of dirt, and tray of grass.. Have a tray of small plastic jungle animals. Have the children place each jungle animal in their correct habitat.
Friendship Butterfly Necklace
Trace the children shoes and cut them out. Write their name on both pieces. Exchange one piece with another child and tape them together to make a beautiful butterfly. Decorate, punch a hole near the top and make a friendship necklace. Be sure they all
exchange the same shoe (right or left).
Feet and Hands Parrot
Trace the childís foot and cut it out (this is the birds body). Trace their hands on multiple colors of construction paper and cut them out (for the wings and tail). Glue the hands to the side of foot shape for wings and a tail. To save time for in
tracing and cutting, trace their hand once and cut several layers at one time.
Rain Forest Trees
Use carpet tubes as the trees, about 3 feet high. Have the child paint them brown. Roll up green construction paper, cut the green paper roll down in several areas about 3/4 of the way from top to bottom. From the center of the construction paper roll
(after cutting) begin pulling the layers out from the center (not all the way) to form the tree tops. Glue them inside the carpet tubes. To make the trees stand turn a small table over and place the carpet tube over the table legs.
Make a Waterfall
Use a long piece of light blue bulletin board paper (can be purchased at teacher supply stores). Have the child step in blue paint (with bare feet) and slide their feet across the paper length ways to make a waterfall effect.
Read about the following jungle animals and share your feelings about each animal.
A male giraffe weighs 1,210 pounds. They weigh more than female giraffes. The giraffe is the tallest mammal alive. They have a very long tongue and neck to eat from the trees, leaves are their only diet so they are called herbivores. The young male
giraffes hold fights to find out which one is the strongest. If giraffes see danger, they wave their heads to one another as an alert.
A type of monkey that can live up to thirty years old. Many baboons are red and brown but there are a few different types in different colors.
Baboons live in Africa and rain forests and make their beds in trees out of leaves, sicks and twigs. They eat grass, roots, fruits, seeds, insects, and small animals. A group of baboons is called a troop. Males have a very colorful face. Females can only
have four babies at one time. Babies have a fun life until they are about two years old. Then they must start to find their own food and follow the rules of the troop. Baboons live peacefully with other African animals sharing the water and feeding
grounds. Baboons are the largest monkey and the male baboons ate twice the size of a female.
A large male may weigh more than 200 lbs, may stand 28 inches high at the shoulders, and may be 5 feet long. Leopards occupy many types of habitats, dry grasslands, mountains, and jungles. The leopardís color varies from a pale yellowish gray to a
yellowish red, with whitish underparts. Spots are present over the entire body, but on the back and sides they are formed into circles. Black leopards, or panthers, occur in the same litter with yellowish leopards.
Color the pages of the jungle animals that are provided in the packet. You can also use cut outs to glue on such as leaves and foliage.
Layers of the Rainforest (sung to the melody of If youíre Happy and you Know it)
The forest floor is all dark and wet.
The foresr floor is all dark and wet
The insects crawl by as they watch the birds fly high.
Oh the forest floor is all dark and wet.
The understory is a great home for snakes.
The understory is a great home for snakes
They like to eat bats and like to eat rats
Oh, the understory is a great home for snakes
The canopy makes a very large umbrella.
The canopy makes a very large umbrella
Monkeys, baboons and orangutans, eat all the fruit they find
Oh, the canopy makes a very large umbrella.
The emergent is a home for butterflies and birds
The emergent is a home for butterflies and birds
The trees there are high, they almost touch the sky.
Oh, the emergent is a home for butterflies and birds
There are layers in the rainforest yes there are!
There are layers in the rainforest yes there are!
The emergent, canopy and the understory
Oh, there are layers in the rainforest yes there are.
Five Little Monkeys (finger play)
5 little monkeys all up in a tree (show 5 fingers)
Teasing a big crocodile, bet you canít catch me.
Along came the crocodile, mean as he could be (use the other hand to make a mouth open and close)
Yum!! (bite off one of the fingers ) 4 little monkeys up in a tree...etc (repeat until all fingers are gone.
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Web Author: Cindi Brown
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