If I have ever made any valuable discoveries, it has been owing more
to patient attention, than to any other talent.
-- Isaac Newton
Answer the following questions by placing a T for true or an F for false in the space provided to the left of the question.
1_____ Critical thinking is a process that emphasizes a rational basis for beliefs and provides a set of
standards and procedures for analyzing, testing and evaluating them.
2_____ The critical and creative aspects of thinking can be easily distinguished.
3_____ Only a small portion of a person's belief structure functions unexamined below the threshold of
4_____ Moral convictions should never arise out of careful deliberation. Moral convictions are only
matters of faith and tradition.
5_____ In the second phase of problem solving it is crucial that we gather only the facts that we think will
support the defense of our position.
6_____ Following authority blindly blocks critical thinking and undermines intellectual autonomy.
7_____Explicit assumptions are hidden assumptions.
8_____An assumption is a claim that is taken to be true without argument.
9_____Claims are statement that are either true or false.
In the space provided to the left of the question, place the letter that corresponds to the correct answer
10_____The organized body of accumulated beliefs that we rely on to interpret new experiences and to
guide our behavior is known as our a. values b. self concept c. frame of reference(world view) d. ego
11_____ a. Relativism b. Conformism c. Egocentricity d. Ethnocentricity is the natural inclination, of an
individual, to favor or defend his or her positions, values, traditions and groups with which he or she
12_____A(n) a. moral b. negative c. egocentric d. ethnocentric judgment is an evaluation of someone or
something as good or bad, right or wrong.
13____ a. Defining b. Testing c. Publishing d. Hypothesizing about the results of our problem solving
attempt is an invaluable aid for checking the success of the solution to our problem we have decided to
implement. It adds a social dimension to our problem solving enterprise.
14_____a. Egocentricity b. Ethnocentricity c. Autonomy d. Objectivity refers to our ability to view
ourselves and the world without distortion.
15_____A possible explanation or solution to a problem is called a(n) a. assumption b. hypothesis
c. presupposition d. inference by the scientific community
|Home Work Assignment 1|
|Phil 106 – Critical Thinking||Name________________________________|
|Instructor: Ray Darr||Date_________________________________|