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Home Work Assignment 14
       
Phil 106 – Critical Thinking      Name________________________________
Fall 2007       Section_______________________________
Instructor: Ray Darr     Date_________________________________
       

     

 

Consider the following analogy

 

Convergence in radiation treatment is like a general attacking a fortress.  He is limited by the defenses to sending only a few troops each route; the general uses all roads from all sides to bring his troops in to successfully attack the fortress.

 

Duncker K. On problem solving.  Psychological Monographs, p. 58

 

 

______1. “Convergence in radiation treatment” is the (a) analogue (b) target.

 

______2. “ a general attacking a fortress” is the (a) analogue (b) target.

 

______3. The analogy used as an (a) argument (b) explanation.    

 

______4. A (a) placebo (b) sample (c) analogy (d) target is the harmless inert substance that resembles the substance     being tested in an experiment.

 

______5. The (a) control (b) stratified (c) random (d) experimental group receives the substance being tested.

 

______6. The (a) control (b) stratified (c) random (d) experimental group receives the placebo.

 

______7. Scatter diagrams may be used to represent Mill’s method of (a) agreement

(b) difference (c) combined method (d) concomitant variation

 

______8. (a) Explanatory power (b) Inductive generalization (c) hypothesis (d) plausibility is a measure of an idea’s likelihood of surviving critical scrutiny.

 

______9. A (a) population (b) sample (c) target (d) analogue is the set of instances about which general conclusions are projected in an inductive or statistical generalization.

 

______10. A(n) (a) population (b) sample (c) target (d) analogue is that which is used as a basis of comparison in an explanation or argument by analogy.