Red Ball Emigrate, Immigrate and Immigrant
Lexicology from Merriam-Webster

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Proper use of Emigrate, Immigrate, Immigrant

Main Entry: em·i·grate
Pronunciation: 'e-m&-"grAt
Function: intransitive verb
Inflected Form(s): -grat·ed; -grat·ing
Etymology: Latin emigratus, past participle of emigrare, from e- + migrare to migrate
Date: 1778
: to leave one's place of residence or country to live elsewhere
- em·i·gra·tion /"e-m&-'grA-sh&n/ noun

Usage: We emigrated from Germany in 1730.

Main Entry: im·mi·grate
Pronunciation: 'i-m&-"grAt
Function: verb
Inflected Form(s): -grat·ed; -grat·ing
Etymology: Latin immigratus, past participle of immigrare to remove, go in, from in- + migrare to migrate
Date: circa 1623
intransitive senses : to enter and usually become established; especially : to come into a country of which one is not a native for permanent residence
transitive senses : to bring in or send as immigrants
- im·mi·gra·tion /"i-m&-'grA-sh&n/ noun
- im·mi·gra·tion·al /-shn&l, -sh&-n&l/ adjective

Usage: We immigrated to The United States in 1730.

Main Entry: im·mi·grant
Pronunciation: 'i-mi-gr&nt
Function: noun
Date: 1789
: one that immigrates: as a : a person who comes to a country to take up permanent residence b : a plant or animal that becomes established in an area where it was previously unknown
- immigrant adjective

Pronunciation Key
  • \&\ as a and u in abut
  • \[^&]\ as e in kitten
  • \&r\ as ur and er in further
  • \a\ as a in ash
  • \A\ as a in ace
  • \ä\ as o in mop
  • \au\ as ou in out
  • \ch\ as ch in chin
  • \e\ as e in bet
  • \E\ as ea in easy
  • \g\ as g in go
  • \i\ as i in hit
  • \I\ as i in ice
  • \j\ as j in job
  • \[ng]\ as ng in sing
  • \O\ as o in go
  • \o\ as aw in law
  • \oi\ as oy in boy
  • \th\ as th in thin
  • \[th_]\ as th in the
  • \ü\ as oo in loot
  • \u\ as oo in foot
  • \y\ as y in yet
  • \zh\ as si in vision
For explanations of other pronunciation symbols -- see Guide To Pronunciation.

Arrow Up Prepared by Paul E. Pennebaker, 6-Aug-1998