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Arms except Pennebaker and Gaines are from Designs of Wonder. House of Names is a good coat of arms source.
None of the above arms have been authenticated. In Europe a particular coat of arms can only be rightfully used by a direct descendant of the individual to whom the arms was first granted and only after the descent is proven; thereby, authenticating the arms. In the U. S. this rule is seldom followed and normally anyone having a surname associated with a particular arms will use the arms. The arms then become a surname arms without true authenticity. The U. S. has no official arms registry as do some European countries. Therefore, use these arms as you see fit.
Copyright © 2000 Paul E. Pennebaker