* Menu *
Go to Family.htm
Prepared by Paul E. Pennebaker,


his PENNEBAKER GENEALOGY was compiled from data collected between 1962 and the present. The genealogical data and narrative history of our families is a compilation of the below referenced sites, the separately listed Data Sources, and the Bibliography. Most data contains information replicated in other locations, so it is sometimes impossible to note the proper source. Not all of the information contained herein has been proved and is only as accurate as the data. There is remarkable agreement between the various sources. Our ancestors did an outstanding job of passing the PENNEBAKER story to their children.

This history is written with many pertinent pages reached by clicking the blue url addresses. I suggest that the reader explore these references pages for additional information and clarifications.

In November 1994, I secured the last remaining undistributed copy of Pennebakers and Buckmans, Pioneers which was published for family use in 1988 by Phyllis Virginia PENNEBAKER GROSS with genealogy prepared by Dorothy Elizabeth CHAPMAN VAN SLYKE (her great-grandmother was Catherine Brewster PENNEBAKER). These sources of data provide a knowledgeable history of the PENNEBAKERs in the United States and our European origins. I have relied heavily upon their work in relating my PENNEBAKER lineage prior to my great-grandfather Wyand P. PENNEBAKER. Without Dorothy VAN SLYKE'S work I could not have compiled the history and lineages that are presented here. Her work The Genealogy of Weiant PENNEBAKER and His Descendants, known as Volume II and Supplement, is the quintessential genealogical record of Weiant (I) PENNEBAKER (Johann Weigand PFANNEBECKER, Wyant Pannebecker) and his descendants.

The traditional German ancestry of Weigand PFANNEBECKER/Weiant PENNEBAKER, which for many years had eluded family researchers, has now been proven. The family tradition has it that Weiant and his father, Friedrich, came to Pennsylvania from Germany when Weiant was a small boy appears now to be valid. Vital information for Friedrich is now proven along with Weiant's birthdate and mother.

The original Dutch PANNEBAKKER and Germanic PFANNEBECKER / PANNEBECKER surname have been spelled many ways in the United States. The variants found in available records are listed below in a separate section. Variant surnames (37%) appearing in the Social Security Death Index are indicative of family preferred spelling. The remaining 63% are probably transcription errors, but this does show the difficulty of electronic searching (soundex excluded) for the surname in records.

The identification in these pages of Weiant (I) is occasionally Johann Weigand or Wyant/Wyand and the identification of Weiant (II) is occasionally Wyand. These inconsistencies were caused by the timing of receiving data and not having finalized a standard spelling for these given names. I now believe that Weiant (I), who also used Weigand/Wyant should be known as Wyant and Weiant (II) should be know as Wyand. It is difficult to pinpoint the preferred spelling.

Through the years of collecting PENNEBAKER data I had managed to piece together a reasonable depiction of my direct PENNEBAKER lineage from its European origins most of which was confirmed or enhanced by material in Pennebakers and Buckmans. My original data was furnished to me by my father Fred Edwin PENNEBAKER (his personal knowledge), by "Dr. Jeff's" daughter Mary Virginia PENNEBAKER, letters by William Boone PENNEBAKER to various family members, newspaper articles, biographies, and letters of unknown sources. John George McGilvray PENNEBAKER provided the link to the Pennebakers and Buckmans authors and furnished me with considerable family data. Jon G. PENNEBAKER of Vicksburg, MS supplied material on descendants of Jacob PENNEBAKER (Frederick 3 PENNEBAKER, Weiant II 2, Weiant I 1).

Green Ball P E N N E B A K E R  H I S T O R Y

Shield he PENNEBAKER surname is an Anglicized form with origin in both the ancient Dutch PANNEBAKKER and Germanic PFANNEBECKER surnames. The name is of occupational origin and is traceable to a term literally translated as "producer of tiles." In the Gorkum-'sHertogenbsoch, Netherlands area there was a thick clay soil just beneath the surface that was used for baking of bricks, tiles and the making of clay walls. Gorkum was the site of early PANNEBAKKER history. On the 15th of September 1463, an edict was issued in the Netherlands forbidding further use of thatch or straw as roofing material. A family ancestor proposed the use of clay tile as the roofing material. He submitted some tile blocks to the authorities and they were accepted as the new roofing material and thereafter houses should be roofed with tiles. The benefit to tile-makers is obvious. The ancestor was knighted and given the name PANNEBAKKER. The use of roofing tile in the Netherlands is very prominent to this day. The family shield probably had its origin about the time of the roofing tile requirement is described as "A tile erect which rests in the ground and is surrounded by leaves" and "looking like an erect spade with short handle", reflects their tile maker occupation. Further described as "an argent, 3 scrolls, 2 and 1 gules; crest: a winged scroll." At a very early date the shield was cut in glass in a window of the church in Gorcum/Gorkum (gôr´kum), Netherlands. Although the church was reportedly destroyed during an 1568 uprising against Spanish rule, current information has it that the family shield was in a Gorinchem (gôr´inkhum) church window until the church was demolished in 1849. A photograph of the shield was taken and is now in the possession of the council-archives there. The Germanic PFANNEBECKER family motto is: "Mein Siegel ist ein Ziegel - My Seal is a Tile." The modern color rendition PFANNEBECKER or PENNEBAKER family shield (upper right) is used by the Flomborn, Germany Weingut MICHEL-PFANNEBECKER (founded 1677). Shield Old The traditional shield (lower left), ca 1894, is essentially the same as the modern version. Today, in The Netherlands, these same shields are displayed in PANNEBAKKER homes.

A mid-1300s A.D. family legend implies that the PANNEBAKKERS fled to Gorinchem (Gorkum), Netherlands from Gaul to escape war-torn and plague-ridden central Europe. The earliest trace of named family individuals tells the partly verified tale of Herr Jan de PANNEBAKKER and his wife Nancy who were accused of heresy and killed by the Spaniards at Utrecht, Netherlands in 1568. Herr Jan, a successful tile manufacturer from Gorkum, Netherlands was burned at the stake and his wife was stripped and drowned in a tub of water. Cornelius, Herr Jan's son, witnessing this cruelty inflicted upon his parents, fled from Gorkum and traveled up the Rhine River to the Rhineland Palatinate (see Palatine Links). He joined other members of his family who had earlier escaped the torment of persecution and war in the Netherlands at the time. The descent of Herr Jan PANNEBAKKER to Johannes PANNEBAKKER/PFANNEBECKER is mostly conjecture and is based primarily on family legend with some recorded information interspersed.

Whether the reason was due to war or religious persecution the PANNEBAKKER family or families emigrated the Netherlands probably during the late sixteenth to mid-seventeenth centuries up the Rhine to the vicinity of Flomborn and Bermersheim, Deuschland. It is from this rural and wine producing Rhineland Palatinate locale that the PANNEBAKKER descendants, Johann Friedrich and Johann Weigand PFANNEBECKER will later immigrate to Pennsylvania about 1725-1730 to establish the PENNEBAKER and kindred families. Other PFANNEBECKER's arrived from the Flomborn, Germany area in late 1890's and have kept their name.



Gorkum/Flomborn e start our family history with the birth of Johannes PANNEBAKKER (PFANNEBECKER) in the Province of Zuid-Holland/Noord-Brabrant about 1645. He and family would later move up the Rhine to the Flomborn - Bermersheim, Deutschland area. It is under the Germanic PFANNEBECKER name that is found the first official records of the family in Flomborn. There is an entry in the Kettenheim Calvinistic Church-book of Holy Communion for Flomborn and Ober-Flörsheim residents in the year 1654 of a spouse of a "citizen Pannebecker" from Flomborn and an unmarried Belga PANNEBECKER. This is evidence that the Pfannebecker family was in Flomborn before 1654. The French destroyed many records in the Palatine during The War of the Palatine (The War of the Grand Alliance or The War of The League of Augsburg), 1689-1697, leaving many unresolved questions. Bermersheim, the home of Johann Friedrich PFANNEBECKER and Johann Weigand PFANNEBECKER, is located in the south knee of the Rhine and is designated "Rhinehesse." The area was subjected to change and destruction more than any other German region during the many wars in the mid to late 17th century. These distructive wars kept the Palatinate population in great turmoil. Some of the PFANNEBECKER family must have begun their escape route planning during this period. The United States was getting better organized in early 18th century and must have seemed to be an attractive alternative to the wars.

here are many different versions proposed by genealogists for the PANNEBAKKER/PFANNEBECKER lineage evolution in the Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany region. The following three (3) generation propagation chart for PFANNEBECKERs in Flomborn/Bermersheim, Germany reflects current thinking. Immigrants are underlined and italicized. (Please see Important Update)

    1. Johannes (I) PANNEBAKKER 1645 - 1703
    + Sibylla UNKNOWN ? - 1707 m: Abt. 1668
    2. Anna Katharina PFANNEBECKER 1670 - 1746
    + Johann Weigand HOF
    2. Johann Georg PFANNEBECKER 1671 - 1746
    + Anna Catharina 1670 - 1742 m.1704
    3. Johann Friedrich (II) PFANNEBECKER 1704 - ? <==(Often wrongly considered father of Johann Weigand, 1714-1795.)
    3. (Johann) Lotharius PFANNEBECKER 1705 - 1749
    + Anna Elisabetha
    3. Agnes PFANNEBECKER 1707 - ?
    3. Johann Georg (II) PFANNEBECKER 1709 - 1731
    2. Johann Herman PFANNEBECKER 1672 - 1740
    + [1] Agnes
    + [2] Anna Elisabetha
    2. (Johann) Heinrich/Henry PANNEBECKER 1674 - 1754
    + Eva UMSTAT 1676-1736 m. 1699
    3. Martha PANNEBECKER 1700 - 1761
    3. Adolph PANNEBECKER 1708 - 1787
    3. Peter PANNEBECKER 1709 - 1770
    3. John PANNEBECKER 1713 - 1784
    3. Jacob PANNEBECKER 1715 - 1752
    3. Henry PANNEBECKER 1717 - 1792
    3. Susanna PANNEBECKER abt. 1719 - abt. 1763
    3. Barbara PANNEBECKER abt. 1720 - ?
    2. Johann Friedrich PFANNEBECKER 1675 - 1746
    + [1] Anna Sibylla RASP - 1709 m: 10 Nov 1699
    3. (Johann) Melchior PFANNEBECKER 1700 - ?
    3. Johann Henrich PFANNEBECKER 1703 - 1724
    3. Johanna Margaretha PFANNEBECKER 1707 - 1707
    3. Johannes PFANNEBECKER 1709 - 1710
    + [2] Agatha SEITZ 1684 - ? m: 18 Jul 1709 <==(Christoph SEITZ + Maria PROLL)
    3. Maria Dorothea PFANNEBECKER 1710 - ?
    3. Anna Maria PFANNEBECKER 1712 - ?
    3. Johann Weigand PFANNEBECKER (Weiant PENNEBAKER) 1714 - 1795
    + Neeltje SELLEN <==(Peter SELLEN + Adriana VAN SINTERN)
    3. Johann Peter PFANNEBECKER 1718 - ?
    3. Johann Werner PFANNEBECKER 1720 - ?
    3. (Johann) Wilhelm PFANNEBECKER 1720 - ?
    3. Elisabeth PFANNEBECKER 1723 - ?
    2. Johann Werner PFANNEBECKER 1677 - 1740
    + Johanna BEISSER 1681 - 1740 m.1702
    2. Anna Agnes PFANNEBECKER 1680 - 1723
    + Henricus DIEHL ? - 1742
    2. (Anna) Ursula PFANNEBECKER 1682 - ?


einrich/Henry PANNEBECKER (1673-1754) was the first known PFANNEBECKER German immigrant. He married Eva UMSTATT (ca 1685-1745) in 1699 in Germantown, Pennsylvania. Heinrich was a surveyor, attorney, had a library of many books, understood three languages - Dutch, German and English, owned seven thousand acres of land, was a skilled mathematician, was a soundly educated person, and was a member of the tile-bakers guild. The early Geman immigrants used home building methods that they used in Europe and featured squatty structures about the size of a typical log cabin with low eaves and high peaked roofs covered with red tiles. The making of roof tile ceased about 1810 as new structures ceased to use tile due to increased contruction costs and difficulty acquiring building materials.

Samuel Whitaker PENNYPACKER, Pennsylvania governor (1903-1907), was descended from Henry. Samuel Whitaker was an uncle of Elijah Pennypacker whose house in Pennsylvania was a stop on the "Underground Railroad."

Pennsylvania Johann Friedrich PFANNEBECKER and his son Johann Weigand PFANNEBECKER (Weiant/Wyant PANNEBECKER) were immigrants from the Bermersheim/Flomborn area, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany circa 1725 settled in Upper Hanover Township, Montgomery County (originally Philadelphia County), Pennsylvania. They became active members of the New Goshenhoppen Reformed Church. Weigand was born December 14, 1714 in Bermersheim, Germany about 5 km east of Flomborn the long held birthplace of Weigand. His mother was Johann Friedrich's second wife, Agatha SEITZ. (Reference: FHL film # 1442052; for marriages pages 2 , 5, 226, 228 and for Weigand's birth, page 242.) Lotharius PFANNEBECKER - the least known immigrant - came from Flomborn area to Pennsylvania on the ship Edinburg from Rotterdam on Sep 15, 1749, but disappears about 1775 from the records leaving only one daughter, Anna Gertrud PFANNEBECKER POTTLER (b.1736/37-d.1776), as his known progeny. Friedrich and Weiant PANNEBECKER are normally considered the patriarchs of the PENNEBAKERs. They and Heinrich PANNEBECKER are the progenitors of two distinct PANNEBECKER family groups within this country. The descendants of Heinrich/Henry have used many variations of the PANNEBECKER name (other than PENNEBAKER); i.e., PENNYPACKER, PENNYBACKER, PENNYBAKER, etc.

With the immigration of Weigand to Pennsylvania, the PENNEBAKERs became active participants in and contributors to the history of the United States of America. The German community in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania was a close knit family enviornment and maintained their independent culture and language. The family soon became a part of the unrest in Colonial America that led to the French and Indian War, native Indian unrest, the Stamp Act, the Revolutionary War and freedom from British tyranny. Weigand's sons, Peter, Friedrich, William and Wyand, about the time of our country's first presidential inauguration, began from their Pennsylvania home environs their westward migration to frontier America particularly to Nelson County, Kentucky District of Virginia. That part of Nelson County that was home to the Pennebaker brothers became Bullitt County in 1797. Their descendants eventually settled all across the United States. The PENNEBAKERs forever became stalwart citizens helping form and define this country's greatness.

I am a descendant of Johann Friedrich PFANNEBECKER and his son, Johann Weigand PFANNEBECKER. The true relationship between Friedrich PFANNEBECKER and Heinrich PANNEBECKER, although somewhat nebulous in the past, now favors they were brothers. The kinship was established before they left Germany. The association of Johann Friedrich and Weigand with the families of Heinrich PANNEBECKER and others families from the Flomborn/Bermersheim area and Kriegsheim, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany is shown in the commonality of given names between the families. Among the descendants of Heinrich, Werner, and Weigand, the tile maker tradition is universal and identical and the family shield is identical. The PENNEBAKER lineage from Weigand to his many descendants is unbroken and essentially not disputed. Family tradition has always been that Weigand came to Pennsylvania with his father, Friedrich, when he was a small boy. Wigand PANNIBECKER was naturalized - swore allegiance to Great Britian - in Philadelphia, PA on Mar 15, 1761, page 413, indicating that he was foreign born.

Evidence shows Weigand used a variety of given names (i.e.,Weyand, Weiant, Wyant, Wyand) and a form of PANNEBECKER (Panibecker/Pannebaker) at various times during his lifetime. William Boone PENNEBAKER confirms the Weigand given name when he states "my great-great-great grandfather was named Weigand." There seems an easy phonetic Speaker transition from Weigand to Weiant to Wyant to Wyand and from PANNEBECKER to PENNEBAKER.

Even with the preponderate evidence, the genealogy report of the quintessential PENNEBAKER genealogist, Dorothy CHAPMAN VAN SLYKE, and this information both identify Weigand PANNEBECKER as Weiant (I) PENNEBAKER; thereby, maintaining the objective of mitigating the surname variation problem and at the same time firmly entrenching Weiant (I) as the progenitor of the PENNEBAKER family and surname. Ancestral lines for both Weigand/Wyant and Neeltje/Nelly extend six (6) generations. The origination of the PENNEBAKER surname lies in the time of Weiant (I) and his children. Weiant (I) and Neeltje (HOLTON) SELLEN (married about 1746) had nine (9) children - eight (8) living to maturity, five (5) sons and three (3) daughters. Their children were: Anna Maria (abt 1747- ), Petrus/Peter (abt 1747-abt 1807), Heinrich/Henry (1748-1833), Friedrich/Frederick (abt 1753-abt 1828), Wilhelm/William (1755-1822), Anna Margaretha (abt 1755- ), Elisabeth (1761- ) and Weiant II (1763-1852). Weiant (II) is often credited as being the originator of the PENNEBAKER surname; however, both Frederich and Weiant (II) left male descendants and these lines have maintained the PENNEBAKER name. All four Kentucky frontiersmen brothers are know to have used PENNEBAKER, which is verified by documents.


Kentucky ecords reflect that four sons of Wyant (Weiant I) and Nelly PENNEBAKER; Peter, William, Friedrich and Wyand migrated to the great western frontier during the 1780-1790 period and specifically to Nelson (later Bullitt) County, Kentucky. Kentucky, which was designated by the Indians as a hunting area only, was known by the Indians as "Kan-tuc-kee". The PENNEBAKER brothers, along with many others, were drawn by vast untitled furtile lands to explore in the Mississippi River and Ohio River basins. The Mississippi River was in this period the western boundary of the United States. This migration and settlement, after the Revolutionary War and Constitutional Convention, would become a significant development in forming the United States. Heinrich/Henry, the oldest brother, stayed in Pennsylvania and was the administrator of Weiant's (I) estate in 1795. Henry and his descendants have steadfastly, and rightfully so, continued the PANNEBECKER surname created in America by dropping the "F" from PFANNEBECKER resulting in a surname closest to the Germanic PFANNEBECKER.

An unidentified PENNEBAKER, probably William, is shown in Jefferson County, Kentucky court records in a case of "Pennebaker vs Byers" in September, October, and November of 1785. Peter PENNYBACKER (PENNEBAKER) is listed as an early settler at Fort Boonesborough, KY (established by Richard Henderson and Daniel Boone, 1775-1778 and existed until 1820), Madison County, Kentucky. Additional evidence for the migration to Nelson County - which was formed from Jefferson County in 1785 - is the fact that Wyand (Weiant II) acquired four hundred (400) acres on December 1, 1783 as an assignee of Jacob Myers, in Nelson County (became Bullitt County in 1797), tract surveyed in 1787, recorded in 1790 and he married Precious RUBY in Nelson County in 1788; Frederick moved his family to Nelson County in 1792, became active in local goverment and in 1793 bought Weiant's farm; William bought land on Jan 31, 1783 in Jefferson Co., KY and married Mary WILSON in 1790 in Nelson County; and Peter appears on the Nelson County tax lists of 1794. Peter acquired a 679 3/4 acre land grant in Nelson Co, KY on 17 Jun 1786. Peter amassed extensive land holdings in several Kentucky counties during his lifetime.

Family legend has it that while Wyand/Weiant (II), Sr., my 3rd great-grandfather (b. July 30, 1763), was still in his teens he went to the Great Shenandoah Valley of Virginia from Pennsylvania and enlisted in the Army of Harrisonburg, Virginia serving until the truce in 1783. No proof can be found of his active service, although, Wyand PANEBEKER is shown on Montgomery County, Pennslyvania Revolutionary records where he is listed in the State of Pennsylvania Militia, 1780-1793 Class Roll, Upperhanover, Montgomery Co., Commanded by Colonel Peter Reichert, 1786 roster, in Pennsylvania Archives 6th Series Vol. 3, Page 740. The descendants of Weiant (II) would keep this adventuresome spirit alive as they would spread from Kentucky in the early part of the 1800s to Indiana, Iowa, Tennessee, and Mississippi. After the War Between the States they became part of the great westward migration that crossed the Great Plains and mountains to explore and settle our country's great western expanse. Weiant (II) appears on the tax rolls or censuses of nine (9) different Kentucky counties during his lifetime and died in Hickman County, KY March 7, 1852 with cause of death being "gravel" - know now as kidney stones. His age was 88 years, 7 months and 7days. Precious died on October 31, 1834. It not known where she was buried, but probably in Hickman County, KY. since they arrived there circa 1832. (See Wyand's Timelines.) Weiant (II) apparently used Wyand PENNEBAKER as his name in the years after 1830. His sons, Samuel W. and William, were using PENNEBAKER as early as 1818. The southern migration of my ancestors, descendants of Samuel W., is shown in the "Pennebaker Trek South" section.

During the War Between the States (Civil War) many Pennebakers fought for the Confederacy and many Pennypacker descents fought for the Union as would be expected of a family that by then had roots entrenched in the North and in the South. The Pennebaker family has produced scores of lawyers, a Tennessee State Treasury Comptroller (1870-1873) - Edwin Ruthfin PENNEBAKER, doctors, engineers, land surveyors, preachers, artists, many farmers, etc... The William Harrison PENNEBAKER (son of Weiant II, who married Lucinda FINLEY, sister of Sarah FINLEY, who married Samuel W. PENNEBAKER) descendants have a very interesting story concerning the westward migration by wagon of their ancestors soon after the Civil War (1868).

Green Ball THE  NAME

he original Dutch PANNEBAKKER and Germanic PFANNEBECKER / PANNEBECKER surname has been spelled many ways in the United States. One family legend is that three brothers (probably sons of Weiant I) quarreled and each changed his name so to be different from his "hated" brothers. Another story has the original family name as Pennebecker, but changed a long time ago to become Pennypacker in Pennsylvania, Pennebecker in Virginia, and Pennebaker in Kentucky. Facts do not entirely support these legends. The original Pannebecker surname did evolved to Pennypacker in Pennsylvania and the Pennebaker surname became entrenched in southern and western lines. The Maryland branches used several variants of the Pennypacker/Pennebaker name. The Pannebecker variant is the closest to the German immigrant surname.

The following list shows sixty-six (66) variants found in available records. Listed variant surnames appearing in the Social Security Death Index (32%) are underlined and indicative of family preferred spelling. The remaining 68% are probably transcription errors, but does show the difficulty of electronic searching (soundex excluded) for the surname in records. The surname is easy to pick out visually and the given name Weiant/Wyant/Wyand makes the search easier. Pennebaker is pronounced differently even within same family group. Most common pronunciations of PENNEBAKER are (click to hear): Pennybaker Speaker and Pennabaker Speaker with some using Pannabaker Speaker. German pronunciation of Weigand Pfannebecker Speaker may have been somewhat similar to this text to speech rendition.  

Panabaker Panapacker Panebacker Panebaker Panebecker Panibaker
Pannabaker Pannabacker Pannabecker Pannabicker Pannapacker Pannbaker
Pannebacker Pannebaker Pannebakker Pannebeck Pannebecker Pannenbeck
Pannenbecker Pannenbeek Pannepacker Pannepecker Pannerbecker Pannibecker
Pannybaker Pemabaker Pemmbaker Pemmebaker Penbaker Penabaker
Penebacker Penebaker Peneboker Penepacker Peneybaker Pennabaker
Pennabecker Pennabeker Pennbaker Penneback Pennebacker Pennebake
PENNEBAKER Pennebank Pennebecker Pennebocker Penneboker Pennepacker
Penneybacker Penneybecker Pennibaker Penniebaker Pennybacher Pennybacker
Pennybaker Pennybecker Pennyloaker Pennypacker Pennypaker Penybaker
Perinabaker Pfannebecker Pfannenbecker Pinebaker Pinibaker Ponebaker

Then there is Wyand P. Pennebaker, Sr.'s name being erroneously transcribed in a 1850 Tippah Co, Mississippi Census Index as: TryonPennabore. I had tried for years to find Wyand, Sr. in the 1850 Tippah Co, MS Census, knowing full well that he and his family were living there in 1850, and finally on 7 Oct 2001 the TryonPennabore name caught my attention while scrolling through the 1850 Tippah Census Index. The index showed the location as Roll 381, Page 443b. So armed with that information, I went to the page and there he was, finally! This is a good example of the surname being mistakenly transcribed. I have not found in other 1850 Tippah County, MS census indices any reference to Wyan Pennebaker nor Tryon Pennabore. Another example of misspelling the name is the index for the Wilson Co, TN marriage records for the year 1838. Wyand P. PENNEBAKER, Sr. married Mourning Johnson on 12-Nov-1838 in Wilson Co, TN. Wyand PENNEBAKER was transcribed as Bryant Pemberton.

How is that name spelled? Most common spellings are underlined. Click on highlighted names to hear pronunciation.

Wayman Wegand Weiand Weiant Speaker Weigand Speaker Weigandt
Weiland Weyand Weyant Weygand Weygandt Wiand
Wiann Wiant Wigand Wyame Wyan Wyand Speaker
Wyant Speaker Wyeant Wyland Wynand Wynant Wynote

The WEIANT given name has had many spelling variations and the evolution can be seen in this descendants chart. The name "Wijnand" is still current in the Netherlands. There seems to be an easy transition from "Wijnand" to "Weigand". Weiant (II) apparently used Wyand after he moved to Kentucky as this is the most common spelling of his name on documents. Perhaps Wyand should have been chosen as his name for this history rather than Weiant (II). Surely some of the spelling variations are due to writing, spelling and immigrant ethnic language difficulties during frontier times. Weiant is a standardized form. The PENNEBAKER surname spelling variations are based on the same reasons as the given name and somehow got firmly entrenched during the time of the Wyand PENNEBAKER, Sr. children. William and Samuel PENNEBAKER, children of Wyand, Sr., were using PENNEBAKER as early as 1818-1819. One can easily see that Wyand was the accepted spelling, starting with the second generation.

1. Johann Weigand Pfannebecker (Weiant I/Wyant Pannebecker) 1714-1795 , Weiant, Wyant
2. Wyand Pennebaker, Sr. 1763-1852
3. Wyan Pennebaker, Jr.
3. Samuel W. Pennebaker 1796-1835
4. Wyand P(aul) Pennebaker, Sr. 1820-1887
5. Wyand P(aul) Pennebaker, Jr. 1854-1929

Wyand is a continuation of the Johann Weigand PFANNEBECKER given name among the five generation after he migrated to Pennsylvania ca 1735. The Wyand given name passed out of popular usage among the southern PENNEBAKERs after Wyand P(aul) PENNEBAKER, Jr. was born in 1854. There have been a few uses of Wyan among the western PENNEBAKERs.



he PENNEBAKER surname evolved from the original PFANNEBECKER, in the United States, to PANNEBECKER then PANEBAKER then PANNEBAKER and finally to PENNEBAKER. Weiant PFANNEBAKER, "The Immigrant", changed his name over a period of many years and by the time of his death in 1795 he was using PANNEBECKER. Henry, Weiant's son, used PANNEBECKER. Henry descendants have continued using PANNEBECKER. The 1790 and 1800 Montgomery Co., PA censuses show the PENNEBAKER surname and its variants.

When the four sons of Weiant PANNEBECKER, Peter, Frederick, William and Wyand, migrated to the Kentucky frontier in the 1780-1790 decade they initially adopted the PANEBAKER name. The PANNEBAKER spelling was used into the early 1820s. PANNEBAKER overlapped PENNEBAKER from 1812-1825 until PENNEBAKER became prevalent after 1825 or so. Since Peter died in 1807 leaving no male heirs and William's lineage has not been thoroughly researched (indications are that Mary Elizabeth PENNEBAKER BOONE was his only child), the known PENNEBAKERs are descendants of Frederick and Wyand. Both used PENNEBAKER during their lifetimes and particularly after the 1820s. Their children all used PENNEBAKER and this surname has been consistently continued.

(Signatures on court records were used for this review, not the surname spelling within the document.)  


    01. Johann PFANNEBECKER (ca 1645-?)
    + Sibylla
    02. Johann Friedrich PFANNEBECKER
    + 2nd, Agatha SEITZ <== Christophol SEITZ + Maria PROLL
    03. Johann Weigand PFANNEBECKER (Wyant/Weiant I PANNEBECKER) (1714-1795)
    + Neeltje/Nelly (HOLTON) SELLEN <== Peter SELLEN + Adriana Van SINTERN
    04. Weiant (II) / Wyand PENNEBAKER, Sr. (1763-1852)
    + Precious RUBY (1767-1834) <== Peter RUBY + Jane BROOKS
    05. Samuel W. PENNEBAKER (1796-1835)
    + Sarah FINLEY (1799-1877) <== George FINLEY + Mary GAINES
    06. Wyand P(aul) PENNEBAKER, Sr. (1820-1887)
    + Mary WILLIAMSON, nee GOODWIN (1825-1912) <== Henry GOODWIN + Elizabeth AYERS
    07. Wyand P(aul) PENNEBAKER, Jr. (1854-1929)
    + Annie Elizabeth SMITH (1866-1924) <== John A. SMITH + Frances "Fannie" MOODY

Green Ball THE WIVES

1. Sibylla: Very little is know about Sibylla except she is firmly entrenched in family legend as wife of Johann PFANNEBECKER. She had eight (8) children with Johann. Descents were found by German researchers.

2. Agatha SEITZ: She is proven by a marriage record in Bermersheim, Germany church record book as second wife of Johann Friedrich PFANNEBECKER. Agatha was a daughter of Christoph SEITZ and Maria PROLL. Agatha and Friedrich had seven (7) children. Information furnished by Frank Stückrath, a descendant of Johann Herman and Johann Werner PFANNEBECKER, brothers of Johann Friedrich PFANNEBECKER. Anna Sibylla RASP was Friedrich's first wife. She had 4 children.

3. Neeltje/Nelly SELLEN: Nelly, daughter of Peter Dietrich SELLEN and Adriana VAN SINTERN, for many years was known as Nelly HOLTON by most family researchers. Work by Dick SELL reveals that her surname was SELLEN. This error was apparently caused by Gov. Samuel W. PENNYPACKER in transcribing records. Nellie and Johann Weigand had eight (8) children to live to maturity, one (1) died in infancy.

4. Precious RUBY: She is well documented by a marriage bond in Kentucky on Jan 24th 1788, signed by her father, Peter RUBY. Her mother was Jane BROOKS. Peter RUBY's ancestry is from Switzerland. She was also misidentifed by some family researchers and was called Precious Ruby JENWAY. This is also apparently an error in transcribing her name from a compiled record book. It is now thought that January, the month the marriage bond was issued, was transcribed as JENWAY. Precious and Wyand had ten (10) children - all living to maturity.

5. Sarah "Sallie" FINLEY: Daughter of George FINLEY and Mary "Polly" GAINES traces her ancestry back to Scotland, Ireland and Wales and brings many notable ancestors to our genealogy (see End Notes, Sarah Finley). Her sister, Lucinda, married William H. PENNEBAKER, Samuel's brother. Samuel died in 1835 at age 39. Sallie and Samuel had eight (8) children, all living to maturity. Sallie married the Rev. John WISEMAN in 1842. There were no children of this marriage.

6. Mary WILLIAMSON, nee GOODWIN: She first married James WILLIAMSON and had one child, Margaret Adeline WILLIAMSON. Mary, daughter of Henry GOODWIN and Elizabth AYERS, was born in Alabama in 1825. Wyand, Sr. and Mary had eight (8) children, all living to maturity. Mourning Mariah JOHNSON was Wyand's first wife and she had 4 children.

7. Annie Elizabeth SMITH: Annie was second wife of Wyand P., Jr. She had five (5) children with four (4) living to maturity. She was child of John A. SMITH and Frances MOODY. Her father was from a long line of SMITHs from Virginia and South Carolina. Her early American ancestor, Nicholas SMITH - a blacksmith, was a resident of Jamestone, VA in 1675. She is also a descendant of Abraham PEIRSEY, a famous Jamestowne merchant and Colonel John FLOOD, an 1610 Jamestowne immigrant. Marietta Marmon was Wyand's first wife. She had two children, Joe and Emmaline.


t is impractical to address within this presentation all elements of the PENNEBAKER genealogy and history that were gathered during the preparation of this family history. This PENNEBAKER History is a synthesis of information collected since 1962. The preparation of this narrative was started in 1994 and is dynamic. During these years I have learned of the PENNEBAKER European and ethnic origins; their belief in religious freedom and human rights; their immigration (ca.1730) to Pennsylvania from Deutschland (Germany); their life style in early Pennsylvania; their participation in the Revolutionary War; their migration to the Kentucky frontier in the penultimate decade (1780-1790) of the 18th century (by four PENNEBAKER brothers, thereby correcting several family legends); their marriages and establishment of families; their land holdings; their participation in local government; their occupations; their migration to all parts of the United States and the evolution of the PENNEBAKER surname during Wyand's (Weiant II) lifetime and its consistent use by his and Frederick's descendants. Evidence of use of the PENNEBAKER is exhibited; Margaret PENNEBAKER's marriage to Michael COUCHMAN in 1791, Polly PENNEBAKER's married to David McCLELLAND in 1798, Catherine PENNEBAKER and Henry MATTHEW's marriage in 1803 and Catherine PENNEBAKER and Peter SCHELLENBARGER's marriage in 1822. So, the PENNEBAKER surname was becoming firmly intrenched between 1791 and 1822. The genealogy of affinity lines (the spouses) was also investigated.

Very little information was found about the education level or availability in the period before widespread emphasis on education. An excellent article on early Kentucky education an be found at Western Kentucky Universities' Kentucky Frontier Education and Folklife site and covers many frontier subjects. Kentucky's first school opened in Harrodsburg in 1775 and the public school system was established in 1838 by the state legislature. The excellent narrative, The Frontiersmen by Allan W. Eckert, Jesse Stuart Foundation, Ashland, KY, 2001 graphically depicts frontier life during the 1755-1836 period in Kentucky and Ohio. Education opportunities were dependent on local conditions and home schooling. A "poor child", Septimus Tumlinson - age 9, was indentured Jun 12, 1807 to William PANNEBAKER until age 21 with the agreement being that William would ..." teach the business of farming, reading, writing and common arithmetic...cipher to three...at the end of apprenticeship shall pay 3 pounds ten shillings and a decent suit of clothes".   Several census reports showed whether children attended school and whether persons over 20 years old could read and write. The "Kentucky Four", as early as the 1780s, were able to sign their name. Commonly, a wife used the "x-her mark" signature.

Much was discovered about the history of various individuals and families. The location of Wyand's 1783 Nelson County, Kentucky land grant was determined (due to county boundary changes it is now in Bullitt County, Kentucky). Wyand (Weiant II) PENNEBAKER's farm animal brand was described in a Hickman County, Kentucky 1850 deed. The diary of the William Gaines PENNEBAKER chronicling their migration to California across the great western plain in 1868 provided many insights into life during the period. The causes of death were varied and descriptions were used that were prevalent at the time; i.e., Wyand's cause of death in 1852 was "gravel" which is now known as kidney stones. The orphan children of Frederick (II) PENNEBAKER and his wife, Nancy Hatfield, were educated and lived in the Shaker Community at Pleasant Hill (near Harrodsburg), Mercer County, Kentucky. Other PENNEBAKER orphans were cared for by immediate family members. Many PENNEBAKER descendants have attained high levels of accomplishment and fame.

I have met many cousins during the last few years via the Internet. The generosity of PENNEBAKER cousins, who have as a whole contributed considerable data, is very much appreciated. This history would not have been possible without their cooperation. Agreement between the different data sources is remarkable.

This history is presented as a tribute to the PENNEBAKER ancestors. Hopefully, the history will serve as a reminder to us now and to future generations of our proud heritage.


Addresses not on my ISP site may be inactive.

Green Ball Bibliography:

  • Dorothy Elizabeth CHAPMAN VAN SLYKE, 1987, Genealogy of Weiant Pennebaker and His Descendants in Pennebakers and Buckmans, Pioneers, Volume II, 1988 and Supplement to Genealogy of Weiant Pennebaker and His Descendants, 1993, privately published for family use.
  • Phyllis Virginia PENNEBAKER GROSS, 1988, Pennebakers and Buckmans, Pioneers.
  • Samuel W. PENNYPACKER, The Pennypacker Reunion, October 4, 1877 and The Autobiography Of A Pennsylvanian, 1918 and Hendrick Pannebecker, Surveyor Of Lands For The Penns, 1674-1754, Flomborn, Germantown and Skippack by Honorable Samuel W. Pennypacker, LL.D., privately printed, Philadelphia, 1894.
  • Samuel W. PENNYPACKER, The Settlement of Germantown, Pennsylvania and the Beginning of German Emigration to North America, page 122, 1899, Reissued 1970, Benjamin Bloom, Inc., New York City 10025.
  • Pennsylvania German Church Records of Births, Baptisms, Marriages, Burials, etc.,  From The Pennsylvania German Society Proceedings and Addresses, Volume III, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1983.
  • Pennsylvania Archives - Persons Naturalized in the Province of Pennsylvania, 1760-1773, p413.
  • Van Heurn, The History of s'Hertogenbosch, Utrecht, 1776.
  • PFANNEBECKER composite propagation in Flomborn, Germany, modified after Gerold and Heinfried Pfannebecker, Michel-Pfannebaker Weingut, Flomborn and more recently by Frank Stückrath, Zwingenberg, Germany.
  • Carmen J. Finley, C.G., Ph.D., Santa Rosa, CA - John FINLEY of Montgomery/Wythe County, Virginia, The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 39, No. 1-4, January through December 1995, pp. 3-21, 94-103, 202-212, 282-294.
  • Edith Foster (aka Ethel Forest), In Pursuit of Freedom, January-June 1958, Christian Living, Scottdale, PA.
  • Charles A Cerami,Jefferson's Great Gamble; the remarkable story of Jefferson, Napoleon and the men behind the Louisiana Purchase, Naperville, IL, Sourcebooks, Inc., 2003, p. 1-5.
  • Henry S. Dotterer, The Perkiomen Region Past and Present, page 271.
  • Montgomery County, Pennsylvania location map from PAGenWeb.
  • Pennsylvania Dutch History. (Excellent!)
  • Mennonite Historians of Eastern Pennsylvania.
  • Daniel PANNEBECKER - Kentucky Long Rifle gunsmith from Linda Coldren Cohen.
  • Kentucky counties map from KY Gen Web.
  • Don Chesnut Genealogy Page with Fort Boonesborough reference.  Also, see Fort Boonesborough-Kentucky State Park.
  • Kentucky Frontier Education and Folklife. +++++ Covers many frontier subjects.
  • Kentucky Frontier Life
  • Allan W. Eckert, The Frontieresmen, 2001, Jesse Stuart Foundation, Ashland, Kentucky, 2001   An excellent narrative of Kentucky and Ohio frontier life during 1755-1836. Many famous frontiersmen such as Simon Kenton, Daniel Boone, Simon Girty, William Henry Harrison, Anthony Wayne, Georges Rogers Clark and Tecumseh, the brilliant Shawnee chief, are encountered.
  • Aart Jan Pannebakker, Netherlands, current Gorinchem church shield information.
  • The "Wijnand" name information from Aad P. Pannebakker, Netherlands
  • RootsWeb FTP - USGenWeb Directory
  • Text to Sound from AT&T Research, <http://www.research.att.com/~mjm/cgi-bin/ttsdemo>. (See Pennybaker, Pennabaker, Weiand, Weiant, Weigand, Wyand and Wyant .wav files above.)
  • Some German Pronunciation.

    Green Ball Data Sources

      BOND, Sarah Elizabeth GILES - GILES and FINLEY Lines
      CORLEY, Nancy Caroline PENNEBAKER - Data on Crockett Bledsoe PENNEBAKER
      EMMONS, Marguerite Atteberry - William and Amanda HUSS BRASHEAR Descendants
      GROSS, Phyllis Virginia PENNEBAKER
      ISAACSON, Glenda Shafer - Precious RUBY Genealogy
      MATHENY, Sue - Franklin Wade PENNEBAKER Descendants
      NEW, Penny Hazel PENNEBAKER
      PENNEBAKER, Dr. Thomas Jefferson - Biographies
      PENNEBAKER, Fred Edwin - Notes and Letters
      PENNEBAKER, James Ashley "Jim" - Family Shield
      PENNEBAKER, James Malcolm
      PENNEBAKER, John George McGilvray
      PENNEBAKER, Jon G. - Vicksburg, MS - Amulus PENNEBAKER descendants
      PENNEBAKER, Mary Virginia
      PENNEBAKER, William Boone
      PENNEBAKER, William Boone, Jr.
      PENNEBAKER, Wyand P. and Mary GOODWIN WILLIAMSON - Family Bible
      PFANNEBECKER, Gerold and Heinfried - Flomborn, Germany
      Ripley, Mississippi Newspaper (1924)
      STÜCKRATH, Frank - Pfannebecker Propagation in Flomborn/Bermersheim, Germany
      SWANSON, Berniece - Precious RUBY Genealogy
      THOMPSON, Thomas Andrew - Amulus PENNEBAKER descendants
      UPTON, Ed - Compilation of 1790-1850 census and tax records
      VAN SLYKE, Dorothy Elizabeth CHAPMAN

    Green Ball Shields, Arms, Maps

  • PANNEBAKKER/PFANNEBECKER/PANNEBECKER/PENNEBAKER family shield, traditional version from Hendrick Pannebecker, Surveyor Of Lands For The Penns, 1674-1754, Flomborn, Germantown and Skippack by Honorable Samuel W. Pennypacker, LL.D., privately printed, Philadelphia, 1894 and modern version from Weingut MICHEL-PFANNEBECKER, Flomborn, Germany.  Affinity families shields - STROTHER, THORNTON and GAINES. The Pennebaker shield has inferred authenticity - within the heraldry practices in the U. S. - since it has been used by family members in the U.S. for many generations, Pannebakker households in the Netherlands currently display these arms, Gov. Samuel W. Pennypacker shows the same arms in his book about his ancestor, Henry Pannebecker, and Weingut Michel-Pfannebecker in Flomborn, Germany uses the arms as their logo.
  • Pannebakker Shield description from Charles Knowles Bolton, "Bolton's American Armory", Heraldic Book Company, Baltimore, MD, 1964, page 129 is: "A tile erect which rests in the ground and is surrounded by leaves", Motto: "Mein Siegel ist ein Ziegel" (My Seal is a Tile). Described by Henry PENNYPACKER as: "Usually 3 tiles shown. (Looks like an erect spade with a short handle.) Another argent 3 scrolls 2 and 1 gules; crest : a winged scroll."
  • Heraldry terms:
          º Argent is the metal silver, represented by the color white.
          º Blazon is a coat of arms.
          º Gules is the color red, indicated on a blazon by engraved vertical stripes.
  • Gorinchem, The Key to Holland by P.H. Ouwerkerk.
  • NETHERLANDS City Maps and Arms from Blaeu's Toonneel der Steden Atlas - 1649/1652.
  • NETHERLANDS Provincial arms, information, and maps from Bank Nederlandse Gemeentewapens, Nederlandse Provinciewapens/Dutch Provincial Arms.
  • International Civic Heraldry - Germany
  • GAINES Coat of Arms from F. L. Preston.
  • THORNTON Shield from The Thornton Family.

    Green Ball Palatine Links:

  • Gene Garman, "The Poor Palatines".
  • Donald L. Spidell, The Great Palatine Migration and other related links.
  • Lorine McGinnis Schulze, Palatine History.
  • Palatine Emigrants.
  • Palatines to America.
  • Pennsylvania Dutch History. (very good)
  • University of Heidelberg References.
  • Rheinland-Pfalz Civic Arms

    Green Ball End Notes:  Press blue ball Blue Ball below to return to prior position and green ball Red Ball to return to top.

  • Blue Ball   Newly found information on Johann Friedrich PFANNEBECKER and son, Johann Weigand (a.k.a. Weiant PENNEBAKER).

    INFORMATION, disclosed in 2002 from Bermersheim Reform Church records by Frank Stückrath Zwingenberg, Germany Speaker (a descendant of brothers Johann Werner PFANNEBECKER and Johann Herman PFANNEBECKER, both were brother's of Johann Friedrich PFANNEBECKER) provides Flomborn/Bermersheim PFANNEBECKER lineages along with vital data for Friedrich and Weigand. Weigand is the only known Weigand Pfannebecker in Germany prior to 1714.

    Weigand's birthdate, which until this new information became available in March 2002, was always in doubt. Johann Weigand was apparently named after Johann Weigand HOF who along with his wife, Anna Katherina PFANNEBECKER - sister of Johann Friedrich Pfannebecker - were baptizing witnesses on December 29, 1714. Prior to this new data we were using a January 1716 date, this being based on the known time period of his death and his age at death. His will was probated in March 1795 thereby giving an approximate death date. The Church Records of the New Goshenhoppen Reformed Charge of 1731-1833 show Weiant's death age as 79 years, 2 months and 2 days. Back-calculating his birth from March 1795 yields January 1716. The church records show his birth as December 1717 when it is actually December 14, 1714 - correct month but wrong year. None of these churchs records agree with known data. The minister must have had a mathematical and record keeping deficiency. The birth date problem was exacerbated since we were showing his father's, Johann Friedrich Pfannebecker, birth as May 30, 1704. Friedrich would have been only eleven (11) years old at birth of Weiant and only ten (10) at conception - highly unlikely. We had no better information to rely on. The new data solves these problems.

    Johann Weigand PFANNEBECKER, we call him Weiant or Wyant, was born December 14, 1714 in Bermersheim, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany as son of Johann Friedrich and his second wife, Agatha SEITZ. (Reference: FHL film # 1442052; for marriages pages 2 , 5 and 226 and for Weigand's birth, page 242.) Our PENNEBAKER family records have always shown Flomborn, Germany as his birthplace. Bermersheim is about 3.5 miles east of Flomborn. Friedrich was also from Bermersheim. Friedrich's family disappears from the Bermersheim records after 1724, which could be the time of immigration to Pennsylvania for Friedrich and his young son Weigand (Weiant). Friedrich and Agatha were married on June 18, 1709 in Bermershein. Friedrich and his first wife, Anna Sibylla RASP, were married November 10, 1699 in Bermersheim and had 4 children only 1, Johann Heinrich, living to maturity but dying in 1724 (age 21) in Bermersheim. Friedrich and Agatha had 7 children including Johann Weigand (Weiant) with Weigand being only known male child to live to maturity. Perhaps after Friedrich buried in 1724 his oldest child from his first marriage, Johann Heinrich, he decided to immigrate to Pennsylvania bringing probably his only living child, Weigand. This would fit with family tradition that Friedrich came to Pennsylvania bringing with him a small son. Friedrich's brother, Heinrich PFANNEBECKER/PANNEBECKER, immigrated to Pennsylvania about 1695 being the first PFANNEBECKER to immigrate to Pennsylvania from Germany.

    Blue Ball  Frank Stückrath (Zwingenberg, Germany Speaker), a descendant of Johann Werner PFANNEBECKER and Johann Herman PFANNEBECKER, provided Flomborn/Bermersheim PFANNEBECKER lineage confirmation.

    Blue Ball  Unresolved question:
    The "Pennsylvania German Church Records" contains a Pannebecker entry that has not been resolved:

    1. Who was "... the 'late' Weiant Pannebecker ..." shown in New Goshenhoppen Church marriage records on page 94 and dated November 20, 1774?  Only known Weiant Pennebakers are Weiant/Weigand Pannebecker "The Immigrant" died in 1795. Weiant (II) Pannebecker, aka Wyand Pennebaker, died in Kentucky in 1852.

    Blue Ball  Goshenhoppen is pronounced Gush'n hup'n.

    Blue Ball  PANNEBAKKER surname derivation from: "Hendrick Pannebecker, Surveyor of Lands for the Penns, 1674-1754, Flomborn, Germantown and Skippack" by Hon. Samuel W. Pennypacker, LL.D, privately printed, Philadelphia: 1894, pages 11-12.

    " ... in the neighborhood of the present cities of Gorkum, Heusden and s'Hertogenbosch or Bois-le-duc (Holland), we find the earliest traces of the family Pannebakker. The name means, in the Dutch language, a maker of tiles. Van Heurn says, in his "History of s'Hertogenbosch,"; published in 1776: "Formerly there was here a thick clay soil which underlay the thin surface. The clay out of it was used for the baking of bricks, tiles, and the making of clay walls," or in the Dutch, which shows the origin of the name, "Hier uit word de leem, tot het bakken van Steenen, pannen, en het maken der leeme wanden gehaald."

    Some family branches maintain "... that the family name originally was BIERMAN, that it was changed to the name of the occupation of their Belgian ancestor who was a tile-maker, which in the language of Holland is PANNENBAKKER." From: Henry S. Dotterer, The Perkiomen Region Past and Present, page 271.

    Blue Ball  The descendants of William PANNEBECKER and Elizabeth PANNEPACKER (first cousins and great-grandchildren of Heinrich PANNEBECKER and Eva UMSTAT), changed their surname to PENNEBAKER. This appears to be the only instance of Heinrich descendants adopting the PENNEBAKER surname.

    Blue Ball  Neeltje SELLEN has been for many generations called Neeltje HOLTON. It is now believed that sufficient evidence has been found that proves her surname was SELLEN. The HOLTON spelling is thought to have been a mistake made by Gov. Samuel W. Pennypacker in transcribing records. The capitalized HOLTON name in parentheses is to preserve Neeltje's entrenched erroneous surname. The Neeltje SELLEN proof and other SELLEN information was furnished by Richard Henry (Dick) SELL and verified by Dorothy VAN SLYKE.

    Blue Ball  Precious RUBY had for many generations been called Precious Ruby JENWAY/JANWAY. Her surname is unequivocally RUBY as stated in a marriage bond and permission from her father, Peter RUBY, to marry Weiant (II). (See married link in Pennebakers in Kentucky above.) The JENWAY or JANWAY name is thought to be an error made by transcribing their January marriage month as her surname.

    Blue Dot  Wyand Panebaker is listed as a 2nd Class Private, 1780-1793 Class Roll of Upperhanover, Montgomery Co. in the State of Pennsylvania Militia, Commanded by Colonel Peter Reichert in Pennsylvania Archives 6th Series Vol. 3, Page 740. No record of active service.

    Blue Dot  Sarah FINLEY, wife of Samuel W. PENNEBAKER, is my 2nd great-grandmother and sister Lucinda FINLEY, wife of William H. PENNEBAKER (brother of Samuel W.) are descended from Thomas GAINES, George FINLEY, William STROTHER and William THORNTON. According to some genealogy reports, these lines are unproven descendants of European royalty. Notable descendants of Thomas GAINES, William STROTHER or William THORNTON are: President James MADISON, President Zachary TAYLOR, President John Tyler, President James Earl Carter Jr., General George S. Patton and General George Catlett MARSHALL. Sarah and Lucinda FINLEY's connection to President Zachary TAYLOR established by Joyce Lohse, 7/16/98, from Thomas Marshall Green, "Historic Families of Kentucky" (Baltimore: Genealogy Publishing, 1982), p. 88.

    Mary "Polly" GAINES' ancestry can be traced to Sir David GAM, her 10th great-grandfather. The Gaines surname is said to have had its origin in Wales. The story begins with David-ap-Llewellyn, a courageous soldier, who was mortally wounded at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, while saving the life of King Henry V. Just before David's death, he was knighted by the King. David had a squint eye and it was with the term indicating the squint eye that he was knighted. David-ap-Llewellyn became Sir David GAM. Descendants of David GAM made name changes and the name became Games and still later Ganes, Gaynes and GAINES.

    George FINLEY deserted his wife Mary "Polly" GAINES and family in 1808 after twenty-two (22) years of marriage. (See: Divorce petition and property deed to Mary.) Sarah and Lucinda FINLEY were children of George and Mary GAINES FINLEY. Sarah FINLEY married Samuel W. PENNEBAKER in 1818 in Mercer Co. KY. Samuel PENNEBAKER died in Wilson Co, TN in 1835. Sarah FINLEY PENNEBAKER later married Rev. John Wiseman, a missionary Baptist circuit rider preacher, in 1842 and was living with her daughter, Cassandra HAWKS, in 1870 in Wilson Co, TN. Sarah died in 1877 and is buried beside her son, Edwin Ruthfin PENNEBAKER, in the Cedar Grove Cemetery in Lebanon, Wilson Co, TN.

    Blue Dot  Peter PENNEBAKER (PENABAKER) purchased land on 18 May, 1780 in Jefferson Co., KY and was granted six hundred eighty-nine and three quarter acres (689 ¾ acres) in Nelson County, KY on 24 May, 1788 when the acreage acquired on 15 October, 1779 and surveyed on 17-June, 1786 was recorded. The acreage being described in part as: "...being on the South Fork of the Rolling Fork emptying in opposite Jump Lick."  Source is State of Virginia Land Office Patents and Grants, Grants Book 18, 1788-1789, pages 39-40.

    Blue Dot  Fort Boonesborough Settlers, compiled by Don Chesnut.

    Blue Dot  The Shaker Community at Pleasant Hill (near Harrodsburg), Mercer County, Kentucky.

     An account of a voyage across Atlantic to America in 1750.

     Additional German-American information 1. Max Cade German American Center and 2. Welcome to Germany Information.

     Notable Wyant/Weiant (I) PENNEBAKER descendants:

     black dot  Marlon BRANDO; renowned actor.  (Celebrity Tree)
              (Dorothy Julia 6 PENNEBAKER, William John 5, William 4, Samuel W. 3, Wyand 2, Weigand 1 )

     black dot  D. A. PENNEBAKER; documentary filmmaker.
              (John Paul Jones 6 PENNEBAKER, Charles Darwin 5, Charles David 4, Peter Nathaniel 3, Frederick 2, Weigand 1)

     black dot  Clifford FREEMAN; editorial author of Wendy's famous "Where's the Beef" advertisement with Clara Peller.
              (Lillian Pearl 7 PENNEBAKER, Ernest Abell 6, Pliny Tolbert 5, Amulus Jacob 4, Jacobus 3, Frederick 2, Weigand 1)

     black dot  James Whiting PENNEBAKER; social psychologist, professor and author.
              (William Fendall 7 PENNEBAKER, Eugene Strode 6, Charles Beverly Summers 5, Thomas Langley 4, Peter Nathaniel 3, Frederick 2, Weigand 1)

     black dot  Eugene Strode PENNEBAKER, Jr.; pioneer in seismic detection of abnormal subsurface pressure.
              (Eugene Strode 6 PENNEBAKER, Charles Beverly Summers 5, Thomas Langley 4, Peter Nathaniel 3, Frederick 2, Weigand 1)

     black dot  William Boone PENNEBAKER, Jr.; leading authority on JPEG compression.
              (William Boone 6 PENNEBAKER, Charles Darwin 5, Charles David 4, Peter Nathaniel 3, Frederick 2, Weigand 1)

     black dot  Edward Eugene PENNEBAKER; well known glass maker and owner of Red Fern Glass.
              (William Edward 8 PENNEBAKER, John Harper 7, Alva Edward 6, John David 5, John Hearst 4, William H. 3, Wyand 2, Weigand 1)

     black dot  Barbara CARY MacNAIR; NBC news person - World War II era.
              (Rena Louise 6 PENNEBAKER, Sherman Tecumsah 5, William Gaines 4, William Harrison 3, Wyand 2, Weigand 1)

     black dot  and then the rest of us.

    Green Ball Selected PENNEBAKER Genealogy sections:

    (Listed in no particular order of importance in the PENNEBAKER History. Use browser BACK button to return to prior position.)

    Green Ball Message Boards:

    All rights reserved. Reproduction or distribution of any content, including graphics and text, without written permission is strictly prohibited. To any visitor, if you borrow or use any of the material in this narrative and attendant pages please reference the author.
    Pennebaker Shield  
    Copyright © 1998- by Paul E. Pennebaker