In Efik mythology, Abassi was god and the father (togther with his wife Atai) of all mankind.
In Antioquia mythology, Abira is the creator.
The Abominable snowman is a legendary creature, said to resemble a human, with long arms and a thickset body covered with reddish gray hair. Reports of its existence in the Himalayas have been made since 1832, and they gained substance from a published photograph of a huge footprint in the snow in 1951. No further 'evidence' has been found.
In Zuni mythology, Achiyalatopa is a celestial giant monster with feathers of flint knives.
In Mesopotamian mythology, Adapa was the first human being. He was created from mud by the water-god Ea. He was half mortal and had immortal strength and one third of all the knowledge in the universe, taught him by Ea. He taught the rest of humanity language.
In Iroquois mythology, Adekagagwaa is the spirit of summer who rests during the winter in the south.
In Aryan mythology, Aditi was the mother of the gods and the vault of heaven.
Adonis was a Phoenician god, adopted by Greek mythology as a mortal favourite of Aphrodite. He was killed by a wild boar and upon finding him Aphrodite caused the plant the anemone to rise from his blood.
In Lugbara mythology, Adro was the evil earth-spirit split from Adroa when the earth was created. It swam in the rivers of the world and its children were the Adroanzi (water snakes) which drowned and ate people.
In Lugbara mythology, Adroa was the all-good creator of everyting, including himself. He divided himself in two in order to create the earth, the other half being the evil earth-spirit Adro.
In Lugbara mythology, the Adroanzi are the children of Adro. They are the water snakes which drown and eat people.
In Arab mythology, Afrits are the most powerful class of evil spirits.
An agla is a talisman used by the rabbis to exorcise evil spirits.
In Zoroastrianism the Ahriman is the supreme evil spirit, lord of the darkness and death.
In Navjo mythology, Ahsonnutli is the immortal who created earth and sky, and keeps them apart by propping sky on four giants placed at the four compass points. The winds and storms are then caused by the panting of the giants as they bear the weight of sky.
In Finnish mythology, Ahto or Ahti was the god of seas, lakes and rivers. His palace was the hollow heart of a black cliff curtained by clouds and protected by waves. He was always jealous of the sky gods and spent all his time brooding and because mankind prayed to the sky gods and not him, he sent his servants the whirlpools, genies and watersprites to harass mankind.
In Zoroastrianism Ahura Mazda is the spirit of supreme good, god of light and life.
In Iranian mythology, Ahura Mazda is the god of light and ruler of the universe. He is the twin brother of Ahriman. It was Ahura Mazda that created human beings and created his own son, Atar, to fight the dragon Azhi Dahaka created by his brother to destroy the universe.
In Huron mythology, Airsekui is the great spirit. He is invoked at times of great danger.
In Japanese mythology, Aizen Myo-o is the god of love.
In Finnish mythology, Akka was the consort of Ukko.
In Cheyenne mythology, Aktunowihio is the soul of the earth. A subterranean spirit.
In Eskimo mythology, Akycha is the sun spirit.
In Ibo mythology, Ala is the Earth Mother, Law-giver, protectress of the harvest. She who receives the dead into her pocket.
In Japanese mythology, Ama Terasu is the Sun-Goddess.
In Japanese mythology, Amaterasu is the sun goddess, grandmother of Jimmu Tenno, the first ruler of Japan.
In Zuni mythology, Amitolane is the rainbow spirit.
In Persian mythology, Anahita (Immaculate-one) is a motherly goddess of life waters, weather, fertility, procreation, war and victory.
In Syrian mythology, Anath is a goddess of earth, grain, and sacrifice. She is the strength of life, a bloodthirsty maiden and a violent Virgin.
In Guarani mythology, Angatupyry is the spirit of good. Together with Tau they guide people which road to follow.
In Dakota mythology, Angpetu Wi is the sun spirit.
In Eskimo mythology, Anguta is a god who lives under the sea and drags down the dead.
In Eskimo mythology, Aningan is the moon spirit.
In Dakota mythology, Anpao is the spirit of the dawn.
In Truk Island mythology, Anulap is the sky god and the husband of Ligougubfanu.
In Guarani mythology, Arasy is the wife of Tupa. She lives in the moon.
In magic, Aratron is ruler of the affairs of Saturn. It is a spirit which can be invoked on the 1st hour of saturday.
Ashera was an ancient Semetic goddess symbolised by the phallus. A bountiful great mother goddess of heaven, the moon and sea. In wisdom, she was the mistress of the Deities.
Ashtaroth was a goddess worshipped by the ancient Canaanites. She was regarded as symbolising the productive power of nature.
In Islam, Asrael is the angel of death who takes the soul from the body.
Astarte is a Syrian goddess representing the productive power of nature. She was a moon goddess.
In Iroquois mythology, Ataentsic is the goddess of the earth. She was the Woman Who fell from the sky and creatress of the sun and moon. It is she who gives counsel in dreams.
In Efik mythology, Atai was the wife of Abassi. She was fate, and gave mankind argument and death to reduce their numbers.
In the mythology of The Marquesas Islands, Atanua is the dawn goddess. She was the wife of Atea, and it was her miscarriage that created the seas.
In Iranian mythology, Atar is the son of Ahura Mazda.
In the mythology of the Marquesas Islands, Atea is the god of light and husband of Atanua.
Ateshga was a sacred site for the Guebres. It was on the peninsular of Apsheron on the west coast of the Caspian sea. Pilgrims would bow before the sacred flames which issued forth from the bituminous soil.
In the mythology of the Gilbert Island, Au is the sun god and lord of the skies.
Avali is the plural of Omuli.
In Zuni mythology, Awonawilona was the divine Shehe from Whose being flowed forth the mists of increasing and the streams of growing.
In Iranian mythology, Azhi Dahaka was a dragon created by Ahriman to eat the universe. It had three heads: pain, anguish and death. Its wings were so vast and so dark that they hid the stars. Azhi Dahaka was finally subdued by Atar, who chained him to a mountain where he will remain until he breaks free at the end of human time, beginning the battle between good and evil which will destroy one third of all creation and will only end when Atar finally kills Azhi Dahaka and scatters his ashes into the gulf of oblivion.
In Hausa mythology, Ba-Maguje is the spirit of drunkeness.
In Canaanite mythology, Baal was the god of fertility. He was the son of El.
In Phoenician mythology, Baal was the god of fertility, the storm, and winter rains, whose annual struggle with Mot, the god of harvesting crops, symbolized for Phoenicians the renewal of the earth's vegetation each spring. *Babamik
In Arapesh mythology, Babamik is a cannibal ogress who is eventually lured to her death and she then becomes a crocodile.
In Persian mythology, Bahram Gur is the legendary Sassanian king, renowned as a hunter and lover, credited with the invention of poetry, and a frequent figure in Persian poetry and iconography. He married the seven daughters of the Kings of the Seven Climates, sleeping with a different one each night of the week, and each one telling him a different tale. The tales, telling of natural and fantastic events, are seen in Persian Islamic tradition as symbolic of the purification of the mystic's soul on its way to God.
In Malaysian mythology, the bajang is an evil spirit which usually takes the shape of a polecat. When it mews at night a child will die. It is said that a bajang is obtained from the newly buried body of a still-born child, and can be lured from it by incantations of a sorcerer.
In Balinese mythology, Barong is a protective spirit portrayed as a lion or tiger.
In Indonesian mythology, Batara Guru is the great god who made the earth.
In Batak mythology, begu are ghosts which wander the afterworld formless and starving. They approach humans by way of mediums demanding sacrifices to feed on. They may also steel the soul of a living person for a husband/wife.
In Melanau mythology, Belam are protective spirits who catch the souls of sick people and return them to their bodies thereby curing them.
In Zaire mythology, Biloko are spirits which live in hollow trees in the forest. They dress only in leaves and are devoid of hair, instead grass grows on their body. They have piercing eyes and a snout with a mouth which can open wide enough to swallow a man dead or alive. They have long sharp claws and can put a spell on passers by except those protected by strong counter magic.
In Japanese mythology, Bimbogami is the god of poverty. He is an obstinate companion of families, who try hard to get rid of him and with him their poverty.
In Slavonic mythology, Bjelbog is the pale or white god, as opposed to Tshernybog, the black god or god of darkness.
In Chibcha mythology, Bochica was the supreme being.
A Bodhisattva is someone who has transmuted his personal human nature and raised it into impersonality.
In Kwakiutl mythology, Bokwus is a wild spirit of the woods who draws the spirits of the drowned to his home.
In Bororo mythology, Bope are evil spirits who attack the souls of the dead.
Boraspati ni Tano
In Batak mythology, Boraspati ni Tano is an earth spirit. Sacrifices are made to him when a new house is built.
In Scotland, brownies are imaginary spirits believed to haunt houses, particularly farmhouses. Rather than doing damage, they are believed to be helpful to the family, particularly to the servants if they treat the brownie well.
In Tongan mythology, Bulotu is the paradise where the spirits of the dead live amidst richly laden fruit trees and blossoms in eternal bliss.
In Quecha mythology, Cavillaca was a goddess loved by Coniraya.
In Chinese mythology, Ch'ang-O is the graceful moth-eyebrowed maiden goddess of the moon and immortality. The dispenser of life magic.
In Pawnee mythology, Chahuru is the spirit of water.
Chemosh was the god of the Moabites.
In Abnaki mythology, the Chenoo were stone giants versed in hunting who were invoked to assist the hunters.
In Chibcha mythology, Chia is the moon-goddess.
In Chibcha mythology, Chibchacum was the god of farmers and merchants.
In Curra mythology, Chipiripa is the rain god.
In Pawnee mythology, Chixu are the spirits of the dead.
In Chinese mythology, Chun-T'i is a goddess of war. She who is capable of miraculous feats and she who excels in the magic arts.
In Tinneh mythology, Chutsain is an evil spirit presonifying death.
The Cockatrice is a fictious creature said to be hatched from a cock's egg by a serpant. It is an ugly creature with a crested head, glittering eyes, a barbed tongue and a serpants tail. Mention is made of the Cockatrice in several passages of the bible. It probably has as its origin the hermaphroditic fowl - a crowing hen - which is known to occur in nature. In 1474 a Basel cock was sentenced to death for laying an egg!
In Quecha mythology, Coniraya is the creator of all things and the founder of agriculture. He came to earth as a beggar, fell in love with the goddess Cavillaca and secretly impregnated her by turning some of his sperm into fruit which she ate. Cavillaca later turned herself and her child into stone at the shame of mothering the child of a beggar.
In North American Indian mythology, Coyote is the trickster deity who assumes innumerable names and forms. It is believed that it was his desire to make the life of man more interesting, which caused the creation of sickness, sorrow, and death. Destructive natural phenomena, as well as inventions which are of benefit to mankind, are believed to be the outcome of Coyote's creative but mischievous power.
In Inca mythology, Cupay (or Supay) was a death-god whose speciality was to snatch babies at the moment of birth. His attentions could be wareded off by sacrificing live children to him.
Dagon was the god of the Philistines. He had the upper torso of a man and the tail of a fish.
In Hausa mythology, the Dakaki is a serpant spirit which causes the evil eye resulting in stomach ulcers.
In Huli mythology, dama are invisible deities which control the weather and attack people causing illness, sterility or death. Most of them can also bring good fortune, but a small minority are completely evil.
In Huli mythology, dama dagenda are evil forest-spirits that attack travellers making their noses bleed and giving them sores.
In Java mythology, each village has a Danhyang Desa which is a spirit who lives in a large tree near to or in the village. All blessings emanate from him. Any disasters occuring to the village are seen as a sign that he has been neglected.
In Huli mythology, Datagaliwabe is a giant who punishes offences against kinship laws with illness, fatal accidents or death in battle.
In Cherokee mythology, Dayunsi made the earth. In the days when no worlds existed but sky and ocean, all iving things were crammed together in sky, and were crying out for living space. Dayunsi alone lived in the ocean and dived to the bottom and brough up a speck of mud which the Powerful One, the Creator, hung from the sky on ropes one at each compass point. As soon as the earth was dry the creatures of sky let themselves down on ropes to tenant it.
In Slavic mythology, Dazhbog (Dabog or Dadzbog) was the sun, the giver of happiness, justice, success and wealth.
In Fijian mythology, Degei is the serpant-god in the Kauvadra hills who interogates the souls of the dead and punishes the souls of lazy people while rewarding those of hard working people.
In Tibetan Buddhism, the Dharmapalas were eight giant warriors who defended the True Path against demons. Their heads extended from horizon to horizon and were equipped with razor sharp fangs, tongues of fire and a third eye in the midle of their forehead which seared all enemies of Truth with the light of perfect knowledge.
In Chinese mythology, Di Jun was the ruler of the eastern sky. He lived in a palace built in the branches of a mulberry tree and in the lower branches roosted his children, the ten suns.
Dido was a Phoenician princess. The legendary founder of Carthage, she committed suicide to avoid marrying a local prince.
In Baltic mythology, Dievas was the father of the gods.
In the mythology of Melanesia, Digawina is a demoness who steals food and stuffs it into her enormous vagina.
In Polish mythology, Dilwica was a hunting goddes, beautiful, radiant and unapproachable.
In Huli mythology, Dinditane is a fertility god of gardening.
In Australian mythology, Djanggau with Her sister Djunkgao, are dual fertility goddess who brought forth all life in the beginning.
In Germanic mythology, Donar was the god of thunder, equivalent to the Norse god Thor.
In Javanese mythology, Drupadi is a warrior and expert archer, wife of Yudistira. She often joins in battle dressed as a male warrior.
In Huli mythology, Dunawali is an evil goddess who lodges herself in a woman's internal organs making the victim the innocent vehicle of the goddesses evil power.
In Jamaican folklore, Duppies are the ghosts of deceased people. An Obeah man will summon a Duppy and plant it in a home to curse the occupants. A sample of the victim's clothing, hair or especially menstrual fluid may be obtained so that a Duppy may rape a femal victim while she sleeps and make her ill.
In Balinese mythology, Durga is the goddess of death and disease. She is married to Waruna.
In Korekore mythology, Dzivaguru was the great earth goddess. She lived in a valley near Dande, kept cattle and goats and dressed in goatskins. She posessed a long horn which gave he whatever she wished for.
In Islamic mythology, Eblis (Iblis) is the chief of the evil spirits, the equivalent of the Christian Satan. His original name was Azazil or Haris
In Libyan mythology, Echidne (She-Viper) is part beauteous woman and part speckled serpent. She is a goddess of death, the underworld and prophesy.
In Eskimo mythology, Eeyeekalduk is a god of healing. He is depicted as a tiny old man, whose face was a speck of jet and who lived inside a pebble. He cured people by looking at them, drawing the sickness out along his line of sight.
In Quecha mythology, Ekkekko is the god of good fortune.
In Canaanite mythology, El was the father of the gods.
In Zaire mythology, the Eloko are dwarves who live in the densest and darkest parts of the forest guarding their treasure, which is the fruits and animals of the forest.
In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Enkidu is the wild man created by the goddess Aruru who becomes a companion to Gilgamesh. After Gilgamesh has provoked the anger of the goddess Ishtar, Enkidu sickens and dies.
In Syrian mythology, Eve is a life-giving goddess. The creatrix of all manifested forms, the mother womb and instructress of humanity.
In Syrian Arab mythology, Fatima is the great goddess of the moon and fate. The source of the Sun and the virgin Queen of Heaven. She is represented as the Tree of Paradise.
In Bilan mythology, Finweigh was the god who with Melu made man.
In Gururumba mythology, the forso are ghosts of the dead. They are tiresome attracting attention and causing accidents and illness.
In Japanese mythology, Fuji is the goddess of Mount Fuji and its rocks. She is the one to whose peak pilgrims climb to worship the rising sun.
In Colombian mythology, Fura-Chogue is the first mother. The Spirit of the waters and goddess of vegetation and harvest. She is the teacher of order and peace.
In Iroquois mythology, Ga-oh is the wind-giant. His house is guarded by a bear, whose prowling brings the north wind; a panther whose whining brings the westerly wind; a moose whose breathing brings the wet east wind and a fawn whose returning to its mother brings the gentle south wind.
In Iroquois mythology, the Gahonga are the jogah of rocks and rivers.
In Iroquois mythology, the Gandayah are the jogah who tend the earth's fertility.
In Apache mythology, the Gans were mountain spirits sent to teach the Apache the arts of civilisation. But they went away because they were distressed by the corruption of people.
In the mythology of the Bushpeople of Botswana, Gauna (Gawa, Gawama) was death, leader of spirits. He lived in the underworld, and was forever roaming in the Upper World to snatch away mortals and carry them below. His people were miserable and restless under the earth, and always tried to escape and take over the Upper World. During the time when Kaang lived on Earth, he kept Gauna in check, and in particular taught human beings a series of rituals and taboos which, rigorously observed, would keep the ghosts in their graves and stop Gauna from taking over the Upper World.
In Zoroastrianism, Gayomart was the first man, whose seed was buried in the earth for 40 years and then produced the first human couple.
In Iranian mythology, Geush Urvan was the power of Mother Earth given form as a bull. For the 3000 years it lived on Earth, all the strength of the universe was located there. Then Mithras killed it, and its energy was transferred to the sky, where universal strength ever afterwards belonged to the gods. The decaying corpse, however, remained on Earth, and the last scraps of Geush Urvan's power were reformed into every species of animal and plant.
In Cherokee mythology, Geyaguga is the moon spirit.
Gikuyu and Mumbi were the spiritual ancestors of all the Kikuyu people. They had 9 daughters. For the daughters, Gikuyu found 9 husbands beneath a large fig tree at Murang'a for the daughters. These husbands then became the ancestors of the 9 Kikuyu clans.
Gilgamesh was a hero of Sumerian, Hittite, Akkadian and Assyrian legend. He was one-third mortal and two-thirds divine. Gilgamesh was Lord of the Sumerian city of Uruk.
The Gnomes are elementals evolved in the realm of Earth.
hology, Gohone is the spirit of winter.
In Iroquois mythology, Great Head was a malevolent enormous head poised on slender legs dwelling on a rugged rock.
In Fon mythology, Gu was a blacksmith-god who took not human form but the shape of a tool. At the beginning of creation his parent, Mawu-Lisa, made him in the form of a trowel, using him to mould human beings from the celestial dung-heap. When mortals were establishing themselves on earth. Mawu-Lisa changed Gu's shape to that of a metal blade embedded in a rock, and sent him to earth to teach humans how to make and use tools of their own.
In Chinese mythology, Guan Di or Guang Gong was the god of martial arts, and of the diplomacy which prevents or puts an end to fighting. His wisdom came partly from his courteous manner, partly from his knowledge of literature, and partly from knowledge of the future.
see "Guang Di"
In Chinese mythology, Guanyin is the goddess of mercy.
In the myths of the Wiyot people of Northern California, Gudratrigakwitl
created the universe by the unusual method of putting his hands together and then spreading the palms and fingers wide, like wings. The whole created world lies safe between these outspread hands, and despite the evil and cruelty it contains, in his benevolence he has never yet been moved to clap them together and end it.
The Guebres were Persian fire worshippers.
In the myths of the Araucanian people of Chile, Guecufu was the king of demons and arch-enemy of Guinechen. He was always sending plagues, floods and other disasters to wipe out Guinechen's mortal creations, and Guinechen's interventions - and therefore die war between the two supernatural beings - guaranteed not only dissension in die universe, but also its continuity.
In Araucanian mythology, Guinechen or Guienapun ensured the continuation of life in the universe. He was perpetually at war with Pillan the thunder-god and with Guecufu king of the demons. Their struggle kept the universe in equilibrium, and the myth forecast that when that struggle was disturbed, the world would end.
Ha Wen Neyu
In Iroquois mythology, Ha Wen Neyu is the great spirit.
In Canaanite mythology, Hadad was the god of thunder and lightning.
In Jate mythology, Hafoza is the god of thunder and lightning.
In Hottentot mythology, Haiuri is the messenger of death. It was a half being with one arm, one leg, one ear, one eye and half invisible which hopped after its victims and carried them in its half mouth to the underworld.
Hand of Fatima
In Islam, the hand of Fatima represents the hand of God, divine power, providence and generosity. The thumb is the Prophet and the fingers are his four companions, the first his daughter the lady Fatima, second ali her husband, third and fourth are Hasan and Husain, their sons. The hand of Fatima is believed to ward off the evil eye, and is a powerful symbol today in Islam.
In Dakota mythology, Hanghepi is the spirit of the night moon.
In Malaysian mythology, Hantu Air is the god of the sea.
In Iranian mythology, Haoma was the son of Mazda and the physician to the gods and could be prevailed upon to come to dearth to cure mortal disease and drive out sin.
In Australian mythology, Harrimiah is the twin brother of Perindi. Although he loves his brother, he is abused by him and this saddens Harrimiah so that he buries himself in the sand, whereupon his wife and mother ask the wattle and apple trees to keep watch over him, which they do.
In Navajo mythology, Hastsehogan is the god of houses.
In Navajo mythology, Hastseltsi is the god of racing.
In Navajo mythology, Hastsezini is the fire-god.
In Maori mythology, Hau is the god of wind.
In Hawaiin mythology, Haumea is the goddess of procreation and childbirth.
In Cheyenne mythology, Heammawihio is the great spirit.
In Ju mythology, Heise was half man and half god. He created the forests from his own hair so that his own delicate son could have shelter from the searing sun.
In Khoisi mythology, Heitsi-eibid is a hero. The son of a cow and of the grass she had eaten, he is renowned as a magician, hunter, and fearless fighter. Heitsi-eibid rid the Khoisi tribe of the monster Ga-gorib. Although allegedly killed on numerous occasions, he is believed to resurrect himself.
In Huli mythology, Helabe is a son of Honabe.
In Huli mythology, Helahuli is a son of Honabe. His four sons were the founders of mankind and the four tribes bear their names.
In Huron mythology, Heng is the god of thunder.
In Huli mythology, Herabe is a god who causes insanity.
In Japanese legends, Hidesato is a fearless hero who killed the centipede and other monsters.
In Iroquois mythology, Hino is the thunder god, guardian of the skies.
In Canaanite mythology, Hiribi was the goddess of summer.
In Easter Island mythology, Hiro is the god of rain and fertility.
In Chinese mythology, Ho-Hsien-Ku is the virgin of the mountains, agility, immortality and mother reverence. She is one of the `eight immortals'.
In Dakota mythology, Hokewingla is a turtle spirit who lives in the moon.
In Syrian mythology, Hokhma is the goddess of spiritual transformation. The mother of the stars and the inspiration of philosophers.
In Galla mythology, Holawaka was the messenger between heaven and earth.
In Huli mythology, Honabe is the primaeval goddess and the first inhabitant of the land. She was seduced by the god Timbu and bore five deities.
In Papua New Guinean mythology, Honoyeta was the demon who brought mortality to human beings. he had two wives, who mated with him as an enormous snake. But when they went to work each morning, he shed his snakeskin, became a handsome human and enjoyed sex with every pretty girl he found. One day the wives found out and burned his snakeskin. Honoyeta, condemned to human form for the rest of eternity, retaliated by introducing death to mankind.
In Pawnee mythology, Hoturu is the wind spirit.
In Chinese mythology, Hou-T'u is the goddess of the planet; Origin of people and all creation. She is the matron of the soil and its fertility.
In Maori mythology, Houmea was a cannibal who swallowed her own children, but was forced to disgorge them by her husband, Uta. She later persued him and the children in the form of a stag and he killed her by throwing hot stones down her mouth.
In Islamic mythology the Houris were dark-eyed females who provided sexual services for the glorious male dead in paradise. There were seventy-ywo of them attending each man and their virginity was endlessly renewed.
Hu was the giver of mead and wine to man. He holds a plough to show men that the noblest of the arts is to control and to guide.
In Chinese mythology, Huang Gun is a god of incense. He conceived the idea of burning incense.
In Chibcha mythology, Huitaca is the beautiful goddess of drunkeness and licentiousness.
In Brazilian mythology, Iamanja is the goddess of the sea. A merciful answerer of prayers and she whose waters salve the wounded spirit.
In Eskimo mythology, Idlirvirissong is an evil spirit.
Ifa is the Yoruba god of wisdom, knowledge and divining.
In Eskimo mythology, Igaluk is the moon spirit.
In Japanese mythology, Iki-Ryo is a spirit of anger and jealousy which does harm to other people.
In Tiwi mythology, Ilara is the underworld.
In Finnish mythology, Ilmarinen was a blacksmith-god. Some accounts say he was the brother of Vainamoinen.
In Banyarwanda mythology Imana was the creator and supporter of the universe. He ruled all living beings, and guaranteed them immortality by hunting Death, a savage wild animal. When he was hunting, his orders were that everything in creation was to stay in hiding, so that Death would have no refuge. But one day in the quiteness of the hunt, an old woman crept out to hoe her vegetable garden - and Death hid under her skirt and was taken inside with her. Imana tried a second way of cheating Death by telling the old woman's relatives to bury her body but leave cracks in the earth above her, so that she could hear him calling her back to life. But the old woman's daughter-in-law who hated her, filled the cracks with earth and banged the surface hard with her pounding stick - and Death became endemic.
In Australian Aborigine mythology, In-Nard-Dooah is a porcupine who marries Yee-Na-Pah.
In Polynesian mythology, Ina (Hina) is a two-faced great goddess of the sea, healing and death. She is an enchanting tapa-beating woman of the moon.
In Japanese mythology, Inari is both the god of food and the goddess of rice. Inari is both male and female and takes both forms.
In folk-lore, the Incubus were male spirits who raped women during their sleep, producing Witches and Demons as offspring.
In Inca mythology, Inti is the sun god.
In Huron mythology, Ioskeha was the all-good twin brother of Tawiskara, grandson of Ataentsic. He duelled with his brother for control of the world, each brother taking up whatever weapon he could find. Tawiskara fought with a rose-twig bu Ioskeha used a stag's antlers and won. Tawiskara fled into exile, weeping flint tears, and Ioskeha celebrated his victory and his power in the world by creating the Huron people.
In Eskimo mythology, Isitoq is a spirit who helps to find people who have broken taboos.
In Amazon mythology, Ituana is the great goddess of the Amazon river. She is the many-breasted foster mother of the earth's innumerable children.
In Keres mythology, Iyatiku is the earth mother. A Counselor and she who welcomes us home when we cast off our coil of flesh.
In Shinto mythology, Izanagi and Izanami are the central deities in the creation myth. They were descended from seven pairs of brothers and sisters who had appeared after heaven and earth had separated out of chaos. A mighty bridge floated between the heavens and the primeval oceans; standing on this, Izanagi and Izanami stirred the waters below with a jewelled spear to form the first land mass. Their union gave birth to the islands of Japan and to various deities. In giving birth to the fire-god Kagutsuchi (or Homusubi), however, Izanami was fatally burnt and descended to the land of darkness, Yomi. When Izanagi ventured into the underworld to seek his dead spouse, he found her alive but imprisoned in a decomposing body. Fleeing, Izanagi bathed in the sea to purify himself and in doing so gave birth to a number of deities, among them Amaterasu, the sun goddess, from his left eye, the moon-god Tsukumi from his right eye, and the storm god Susan-o-o from his nostrils. In Shinto religion, the purification practised in the harai ceremony commemorates Izanagi's submersion in water.
Izdubar was a hero of ancient Babylonia. He has feats similar to those of Hercules ascribed to him.
In Guarani mythology, Japeusa was one of the three sons of Rupave and Sypave. He was born standing up and was the disobedient son who did things backwards.
In Chinese mythology, Jen-Shen is a divine Shehe of man. The creator of thought, language, music and civilizations.
In Zimbabwean mythology, Jezanna is a glowing goddess of the golden moon, abundant crops, healthy children and plentiful cattle.
In Japanese mythology, jikininki are the spirits of dead people whose greed prevented their souls from entering a more peaceful existence after death and who lead a half-life by eating corpses.
In Muslim mythology, a jinn is a spirit which is able to assume human or animal shape. They are supposed to have been created out of fire and maybe either good or bad and may be controlled by man by the use of Talismans.
In Iroquois mythology, jogah are dwarf nature spirits.
In Colombian mythology, Jubchas-Guaya was the rebellious, light-hearted, wild and lovely goddess of the moon, love, happiness and intoxication.
In Finnish mythology, Jumala was the first sky god. He had no shape or identity, but was a creative impulse only.
In Dravidian mythology, Jyestha was the goddess of the cosmic energy which motivates evolution. She who dances the dance of life.
In the mythology of the Bushpeople of Botswana, Kaang (Cagn, Kho, Thora) created the world and everything in it. At first he lived in harmony with human beings, his sons Cogaz and Gewi marrying mortal wives and one of his faughters married a human chief. He spent his time fighting Gauna, lord of death. At one time he was killed by Gauna's creatures the thorns, but he reassembled his skeleton and lived again. However, as human beings forgot his importance he decided to leave the Earth and went to live in the Sky as a disembodied spirit, taking with him the secret of immortality and leaving humans to be preyed upon by Gauna.
In Pueblo Indian mythology, a kachina is a deified ancestral spirit.
In eskimo mythology, the Kadlu were three sisters who lived in the sky and made thunder and lightning by scrubbing sealskins together.
In Japanese mythology, Kagutsuchi is the spirit of fire, the god of destructive and purifying fire, and of summer heat. When he was born he scorched the vagina of his mother Izanami so badly that she died. His father cut him into five pieces, and as his blood hit the ground it became five mountain spirits. Just like fire he rekindled himself and settled on the peak of Mount Atago.
In Wintun mythology, Kahit is the wind god.
In Javanese and Balinese mythology, Kala is the god of time and death. He would appear to people when they were due to die.
In Polynesian mythology, Kalamainu and Kilioa are two lizard women who keep the souls of the dead imprisoned.
In Finnish mythology, Kalma was the goddess of death and decay. In the Upper World she haunted graves, snatching the flesh of the dead. In Tuonela, the Underworld, she lived in an invisible country guarded by the flesh-eating monster Surma.
In Ndonga mythology, Kalunga is the creator of all things, the supreme god.
In Lithuanian mythology, Kalvaitis was the blacksmith god who each day remade the sun disc, sending it red-hot across the sky.
In Cherokee mythology, Kanati was the first man and ancestor of the Cherokee. He was married to Selu.
In Hawaiin mythology, Kapo is a fertility god.
In Canaanite mythology, the Kathirat were the wise goddesses.
In Scottish mythology, a Kelpie is a being sometimes described as having the appearance of a man, and in that guise wooing maidens; and at other times resembling a shaggy horse. It is associated with the sea and with rivers, and was believed to proclaim the fate of those about to be drowned.
In Iroquois mythology, Keneun is chief of the Thunderbirds. He is an invisible spirit. Thunder is the sound of his beating wings and lightning his flashing eyes.
In Guarani mythology, Kerana is the goddess of sleep.
In Aymara mythology, Khuno is the god of snowstorms.
In Angolan mythology, Kianda is the god of the sea and the fish in it.
In Australian Aborigine mythology, Kinie Ger was a ruthless and murderous beast with the head and body of a cat but the limbs of a man who went around killing innocent people, animals and birds. He was killed by the owl and the crow who ambushed him when he came to drink at a water hole.
In Angolan folklore, a Kishi is an evil spirit. It is a demon with two faces on its head. One face resembles that of a normal man, and the other is the face of a hyena with big strong teeth and powerful jaw muscles.
In Russian mythology, Kostrubonko is god of the spring.
In Canaanite mythology, Kothar-u-Khasis was the god of craftsmanship.
In Japanese mythology, Kotoamatsukami were the first five powers which came spontaneously into existence at the time of the creation of the universe. They were: Amenominakanushi (Sky), Takamimusubi (High Producer), Kamimusubi (Divine Producer), Umashiashikabihikoji (Reed) and Amenotokotachi (Heaven).
In Chinese mythology, Kui was the god who brought success in examinations. Originally he was a mortal youth who combined vast intelligence with a face so ugly that although he came top in the civil service exams, the Emperor refused to employ him, where upon he killed himself and the gods set him in the sky as a star, overseeing all examination candidates.
In Siryan mythology, the Kul were monsters - half fish and half human - which lurked at the bottom of lakes, and whose progeny infested wells, poisoning the water unless they were appeased. The Kul were susceptible to both singing and flattery, so they could be won over with songs of praise.
In Finnish mythology, Kullervo was a son of Kalervo. When Kalervo was murdered, Kullervo was sold into slavery to the wife of Ilmarinen. She taunted and tormented Kullervo until one day he changed all her cattle into wolves and bears which tore her to pieces allowing him to escape.
In Hawaiin mythology, Kumu-Honua was the first man. He and his wife Lalo-Honua were given a fine garden in which to live by Kane.
In Modoc mythology, Kumush (Kemush) was the being that brought human beings to earth as bones from the spirit world which when scattered across the earth became the various peoples.
In Hausa mythology, Kuri is a black hyena spirit who causes paralysis.
In Finnish mythology, Kuu was the moon formed from the whites of the celestial duck-eggs laid in the crook of Luonnotar's knee. Kuu's light streamed across the world, glittering on the ice-fields and these glitters passing into the ground as silver.
In Chinese mythology, Kwai-Yin is the wife of Shang Te. She is the mother of mothers, a goddess with a thousand arms and sits upon a throne made of the sacred Lotus.
In Javanese mythology, Kyai Blorong is a servant of the Sea-Goddess. He has a fish tail and 1,000 arms and legs and is covered in golden scales. he lives in a palace on the sea-bed with a roof made of skeletons held aloft by pillars of living men, these men being the worse sinners who have become prisoners of their own greed.
Laima was the Baltic goddess of good luck. Originally she and her sisters Karta and Dekla controlled the destinies of all living things, and her particular function was to choose the moment of death.
Land of Cockaigne
The Land of Cockaigne is an imaginary Utopia in mediaeval legend where a life of luxury and idleness was possible. Cockaigne was a gourmand's paradise where the rivers flowed wine and the houses were made of cake and the pavements of pastry.
In Slavic mythology, the Leshy (Ljeschi) was the spirit of the forest. he was jealous of his forest kingdom and tried to lose travellers in its depth. He could change his shape but could always be recognised by his face which remained blue.
In Upoto mythology, Libanza is the creator. He created the sky and the gods that inhabit it, and the sun that contains the fire of life, then he made the moon, the earth and all its inhabitants. He made all people equal, but calling them together the Earth people dawdled and Libanza gave the moon people immortality and sent the Earth people death. However, the moon people begged him to change his mind and he relented sufficiently to grant Earth people immortality in his Heaven, but only after they had served a lifetime of pain and toil on earth.
In Hebrew mythology, Lilith is a female demon hostile to children and to adults sleeping alone.
Limu is the Polynesian god of the dead.
In Fon mythology, Lisa is the sun god who causes the day and its heat. He is the god of strength and endurance.
In Polynesian mythology Lona is the goddess of the moon. She fell in love with a mortal man, Ai Kanaka, and married him carrying him on her wings to the White Kingdom she ruled where they lived happily until his death.
Long Hand of Huemac
In Toltec mythology, the long hand of Huemac represents the sun's rays.
In Chinese mythology, Long Wang was a god of water and the bringer of rain. When he appeared to humans he borrowed shape from a variety of Earth's creatures and was generous to mortals.
In Samoan mythology, Losi is the son of the creator Tangaloa. He was sent to earth with the taro as a present to the people, and as its protective god.
In Finnish mythology, Louhi was a magic-working ice giantess, Princess of Pohjola. When suitors came to marry her daughter, she set them impossible tasks and if these taks were overcome she had her army of frost giants kill them.
In Finnish mythology, Loviatar was the goddess of plagues. She was the hideous daughter of Tuoni and Tuonetar, the King and Queen of the Underworld. Her body was ravaged by all the diseases to which it was host. She mated with the wind and had nine terrible children which gusted out across the universe carrying diseases.
In Bakongo mythology, Lubangala is the protector of villages, men and the souls of the dead. He appears as a rainbow during and after storms.
Mahatara is the supreme god of the Dayaks. He remains aloof from humans, and when sacrificial food is set out for him sends his falcon, Antang, to collect it and bring it to the High Heavens where Mahatara enjoys the spirit of the food.
In Zulu mythology, Mamlambo is the godess of the rivers.
In North American Indian mythology, Manabozho is a mischievious giant.
In Batak mythology, Mangalubulan is the god of thieves.
In Buddhism, the Mara is a supernatural being who tried to distract Buddha from the meditations which led to his enlightenment.
In Guarani mythology, Marangatu was one of the three sons of Rupave and Sypave. He was virtuous, goodnatured, the father of Kerana.
Marduk was the Babylonian sun god, creator of Earth and humans.
In Fon mythology, Mawu is the moon goddess. She is the sister of Lisa, and causes the night and its coolness. She is also the goddess of peace, joy, fertility, motherhood and rain.
In Zaire mythology, Mbombo is the White Giant who rules over the chaos of the universe and one day from his stomach comes the sun, the moon and the stars, and soon after the trees, animals and people of the earth.
Metempsychosis is the transmigration of the soul after death through the bodies of lower animals, plants or inanimate objects. Also called reincarnation.
Mithras was the Persian god of light. Mithras represented the power of goodness, and promised his followers compensation for present evil after death. He was said to have captured and killed the sacred bull, from whose blood all life sprang. Mithraism was introduced into the Roman Empire in 68 BC. By about AD 250, it rivaled Christianity in strength. A bath in the blood of a sacrificed bull formed part of the initiation ceremony of the Mithraic cult, which spread rapidly, gaining converts especially among soldiers.
In Zimbabwean mythology, Modimo was totality. He was all supernatural powers rolled into one and was so powerful that anyone speaking his name - except shamens, prophets and small children (because they are innocent) - were changed into spirits known as Badimos who had no spiritual or ethical identity, effectively children in adult bodies.
In Slav mythology, Mokosh or Makosh was a goddess of fertility widely worshipped north of the Black Sea. She made sure that semen was rich in sperm, and protected women and lambs during birth. With the encroachment of Christianity, her functions were passed to the Virgin Mary.
Molech was the tribal deiy of the Ammonites.
In Guarani mythology, Monai was god of the countryside and the air.
In Canaanite mythology, Mot was the god of sterility.
In Lovedu mythology, Mujaji is the Rain Queen. The character was the source of Rider Haggard's novel She published in 1887. According to Lovedu myth, Mujaji was the descendant of Mambo, a 17th-century king of Zimbabwe, whose daughter had fled south with his rain charm and sacred beads to found the Lovedu tribe. The Lovedu were ruled by a succession of queens called Mujaji, all believed to have power over the rain.
In Babylonian and Assyrian mythology, Mylitta was the goddess of beauty, carnal love and fruitfulness, corresponding to a degree to the Roman goddess Venus.
Nakir and Munkar
In Islam, Nakir and Munkar are the two angels who interrogate newly buried corpses about the Prophet Muhammad. Those who answer correctly are said to receive air from Paradise, while incorrect responses are met with beatings and ever-increasing pressure by the angels on the grave of the corpse.
In Tinneh mythology, nantenas are a kind of spirit or fairies which inhabit the earth, sea and air and are responsible for both good and evil.
In Gilbertese mythology, Nareau was the creator. Entering the primordial darkness, he created out of sand and water two beings, Na Atibu and Nei Teukez. From their union sprang the gods. The world of men and women was created from the dismembered parts of Na Atibu's body.
In the mythology of Sulawesi Island, Ndara is the god of the underworld.
Nergal was the Babylonian god of the underworld. He was represented by the figure of a winged lion with a human head.
In Mesopotamian mythology, Nergal was amorality personified and symbolized the unpredictability and risk in mortal life, and in particular brought death.
In Assyrian mythology, Nergal was the god of hunting and warfare. It was the Assyrians who first assigned the planet Mars to this god.
In Fiji mythology, Ngendi is a fertility god who showed men the use of fire.
In Huli mythology, the god Ni is the sole cause of leprosy.
In Canaanite mythology, Nikkal was the goddess of the fruits of the earth. She was a daughter of Hiribi. She married Yarikh.
In Japanese mythology, Niniji was the grandson of Amaterasu, the sun. His task was to direct the suns rays from heaven to swell the celestial paddies which provided food for the gods.
In Yoruba mythology, Obatala was the son of Olodumare. He created makind from the earth.
In Yoruba mythology, Oduduwa is the wife of Obatala.
In Yoruba mythology, Ogun is a son of Obatala and Oduduwa. He was a warrior who won many battles and was rewarded with the kingdom of the town of Ire in the land of Ekiti given to him by Oduduwa.
In Iroquois mythology, the Ohdows are the jogah who control the underworld spirits and prevent them coming to the surface.
In Nigerian mythology, Olokun is the god of sea and lagoons and brother of Olorun.
In Nigerian mythology, Olorun is the god of the sky.
In Lydian mythology, Omphale is a goddess of the earth, rebirth & augury. The universal womb and the hub of life.
In Nande folklore, an Omuli is a woman or girl who consumes the soul of a living person, and causes that person to die of consumption.
In Saxon mythology, Ostara was the goddess of sunrise and the east. The ruler of the vernal equinox and earth's springtime burgeoning.
In Vedic mythology, Parjanya was the son of the sky god Dyaus. He was the god of rain-clouds and drove a cart across the sky, laden with bags and buckets of rain which he poured out on the Earth below. Because he sent rain to fertilize the ground, he also oversaw the fertility of animals (especially horses and cattle) and of human beings.
In Australian mythology, Perindi is the evil twin brother of Harrimiah and paints him badly so as to attract the attentions of the maidens for himself.
In Eskimo mythology, Pinga is a female spirit who watches carefully over men's actions, especially their treatment of animals.
In Finnish mythology, Pohjola or Pohja, was the country of the ice-giants in the Far North, realm of the evil queen Louhi. Later Finns identified it as the part of their country, and of Lapland, which lay in the Arctic Circle, but in earlier myth it was utterly remote, a frozen continent in the no-man's-land between Earth and stars.
In Blackfoot mythology, Poia was the son of the Morning Star and the mortal woman Soatsaki. The Morning Star took Soatsaki to the court of his father the Sun in Heaven, hoping to grant her immortality. But she preferred Earth to Heaven and the Sun, insulted, sent her back to Earth to bear her son, and then let her die. The child was born with a port-wine birthmark- hence his name - and grew up with the Blackfoot people. He asked to marry the chiefs daughter, but was rejected as 'blemished'. He set out to find his grandfather the Sun and ask for help, leaving the land and walking West across the sea on the path made by the Sun's reflection on the water. In Heaven he rescued his father Morning Star from seven birds of darkness, and the Sun rewarded him by removing his birthmark. He hurried down to Earth, along the Milky Way, and took his mortal beloved back into Heaven just as his father had fetched his mother there long before.
In Slavic and Russian mythology, Poludnitsa was a mischievous spirit who tormented people working in the fields, especially at midday in summer. She pinched them and pulled their hair, and if they failed to greet her politely, she took their children into the standing corn and lost them.
In Guarani mythology, Porasy was a daughter of Rupave and Sypave. She was the mother of beauty, a woman of great physical strength who sacrificied herself to save her people from the domination of the seven evil sons of Tau and Kerana.
In Australian Aborigine folk-lore, Puckowe is the Grandmother spirit who lives in the sky and comes to the aid of medicine men.
In Chinese mythology, Qi Yu is the rain god. He was the son, grandson or chief minister of Shen Nong. He was half bull and half giant and his head was fronted with iron.
In Japanese mythology, Raicho is the Thunder-Bird. It looks like a rook and lives in a pine tree but makes a terrifying noise.
In Japanese mythology, Raiden is the god of thunder. He is depicted with claws, a red skin and a demon's head.
In Japanese mythology, Raiju is a demon of lightning. He is depicted as a badger, cat or a weasel. During thunderstorms he becomes agitated and jumps from tree to tree and likes to hide in people's navels.
Raja Angin is the Malaysian Wind-God.
In Batak mythology, Raja Guru is the gods' huntsman. He catches souls with his hounds Sordaudau and Auto Portburu. When he catches a soul that person dies suddenly.
In Batak mythology, Raja Indainda is the thunder god. He is the spy and messenger of the other gods.
Raja Jinn Peri
In Malay mythology, Raja Jinn Peri is the King of the Fairies.
in Polynesian mythology, Raka is the God of the Winds.
In Fiji mythology, Rati-mbati-ndua is the god of the underworld who devours the dead. He lacks arms, but has great wings.
In Finnish mythology, Rauni (Mountain-Ash) was a goddess of air, clouds, thunder, life-giving rain and plant life. She who oversees the harvest.
In Slavic mythology, Rozanica is a white clothed and glistening goddess who comes at birth to prophesy the fate of the child.
In Guarani mythology, Rupave was the first man, the father of the whole human race.
In Slavic mythology, Rusalky is a multiple goddess of spring and summer's plant growth. She is a water-sprite who lives in streams.
The Sabians were a sect which arose about 830 and who followed a religion of the ancient Syrians modified by Hellenic influences.
Sajara is the Rainbow-god of the Songhai people of eastern Mali. He is represented by a forked tree where a white ram is sacrificed to him.
The Salamanders are elementals evolved in the realm of Fire.
In Vedic mythology, Saranyu was the daughter of Tvashtri. She married Vivasvat and bore him twin children, Yama and Yami, the first humans. Then afraid of her husband's dazzling radiance, she hid among the clouds, leaving in her place and exact replica of herself.
In Eskimo mythology, Sedna (Arnarquagssaq, Nerrivik, Nuliajuk) was the daughter of Anguta and his wife. In some accounts she married a dog, and her father angry at this threw her overboard from a canoe where she sank to the depths and lives still as queen of the monsters and demons of the Underworld.
In Canaanite mythology, Shahar was the god of the dawn, and twin brother of Shalim. He was a son of El and Asherah.
In Canaanite mythology, Shalim was the god of the dusk. He was the twin brother of Shahar and a son of El and Asherah.
see "Shang Te"
In Chinese mythology, Shang Te (or Shang Di) was the supreme being. He personified the power which generates life and causes growth.
In Yoruba mythology, Shango is an earth god. He was the King of Oyo, but because his citizens were dissatisfied with his tyranical rule he rode off into the forest and rose up into heaven where he became a god of thunder and lightning. He is the god of justice and fair play.
In Caananite mythology, Shapash is the sun goddess.
In Chinese mythology, Shing-moo was a nature goddess. She was the mother of perfect intelligence, and gave birth to a saviour son through an immaculate conception.
In Japanese mythology, Shito Dama is an astral spirit. It is shaped like a fireball and is bright red in colour.
In Kwakiutl and Bella Coola mythology (north-west Canada) Sisiutl was a water-snake with three heads: snake, human and snake. Its skin was so tough that no knife could pierce it and only a holly-leaf had sufficient magic. Sisiutl lived in a pool behind the home of the sky-goddess Qamaits, and could be seduced from it down to earth by magic rituals - to help or to harm people depending upon the kind of magic.
In Hua mythology, Sodza is the great god who lives in heaven and to whom the priests pray for rain.
In Hua mythology, Sogblen is a god who mediates between priests and Sodza. He carries the priests prayers to Sodza and brings back promises of good crops.
In Fon mythology, Sogbo is the god of thunder, lightning and fire.
In folk-lore, Succubus were female spirits who seduced men and had intercourse with them whilst they slept.
In Pueblo mythology, Sussistanako (Thinking-Woman) is a goddess of creation. A spider woman and a spirit and power of intelligence. She who thinks into being.
In Cherokee mythology, Sutalidihi is the sun-spirit.
In Slavic mythology Svyatogor was a hero who fought monsters, notably the demon Nightingale, a bird-headed human whose weapons were hurricanes. After Christianity he became called Ilya Muromets, one of the bogatiri and in this form he is accredited with building the cathedral at Kiev.
The Sylphs are elementals evolved in the realm of Air.
In Guarani mythology, Sypave was the first woman, the mother of the whole human race and the wife of Rupave.
In Tlingit mythology, Tahit is the god of fate.
In Lakalai mythology, Taio is the moon goddess.
In Dakota mythology, Takuskanskan is the wind-spirit and trickster.
In Guarani mythology, Tau is the spirit of evil.
In Haida mythology, Taxet is a sky-god who receives the souls of those who die by violence.
In Hopi mythology, Tcolawitze is the fire-spirit.
In Guarani mythology, Teju-Jagua was a great lizard with seven dog heads. He was master of the caves and protector of the fruits.
In Australian mythology, Thardid Jimbo is a seven feet tall giant who lives in a cave and every morning goes hunting for food.
In Tinneh mythology, Tihugun is a good spirit who resides in the sun and the moon.
In Pawnee mythology, Tirawa created the world in the shape of a bowl floating in space. He gave the stars the task of supporting the world and protecting it. He ordered the Moon and Sun to mate and produce a son and he ordered the Evening and Morning stars to mate and produce a daughter, these became the parents of the human race.
In English folk tales, Tom Thumb is a tiny man. An old, childless couple wish for a son and are granted a thumb-sized boy. After many adventures he becomes a brave, miniature knight at the court of King Arthur.
Troglodyte is a Greek term for a cave dweller, designating certain peoples in the ancient world. The
troglodytes of south Egypt and Ethiopia were a pastoral people.
In Slavonic mythology, Tshernybog is the black god, or god or darkness as opposed to Bjelbog, the pale or white god.
In Zande mythology, Tule is the Spider god who brought from heaven the seeds of all the plants on earth which he scattered in all the countries.
In Guarani mythology, Tume Arandu was one of the three sons of Rupave and Sypave. He was the great wiseman, the great Guarani prophet, father of wisdom, inspired by heaven.
In Finnish mythology, Tuonela was the underworld, a place tenanted by diseases and corpse-eating monsters in which every concept of the upper world was reversed.
In Finnish mythology, Tuonetar was the consort of Tuoni.
In Finnish mythology, Tuoni was the personnification of darkness. He ruled Tuonela, the Underworld.
In Guarani mythology, Tupa (Tupave, Tenondete) is the supreme god. His home is Kuarahy, the sun, the focus of light, the origin of the world. Together with Arasy he created the universe and the first human couple (Rupave and Sypave).
In Guarani mythology, Tupan was the son of the sky-goddess. When a flood swamped the universe he escaped by climbing a tree. Every day thereafter, he set out in his canoe to visit his mother, and the splashing of his paddles was heard by humans as thunder.
In Vedic mythology, Tvashtri was the craftsman-god. In the earliest myths he was thought to contain the seeds of everything in creation and to grant them existence as he chose: he was thus the universal creator, the single principle from which all arose. He was regarded as the god of human fertility, giving people embryos and supervising the birth of healthy children.
In Apache mythology, tzi-daltai are charms or fetishes carved from the wood of trees struck by lightning into a semblance of a human being and worn for good luck.
In Japanese mythology, Uke-Mochi-No-Kami is the goddess of fertility and nourishment. The provider, through death, of life sustaining substances.
In Finnish mythology, Ukko was king of the gods, successor to the first sky god Jumala. He was an elder of the universe, and his existence kept it in being and guaranteed its survival. He stayed aloof; the only signs of his presence mortals ever saw were rain clouds.
In Haida mythology, Ulala was a man-eating ogress.
In Balinese mythology, Uma is the Rice-Goddess who causes the rice to germinate in the ground.
In Inuit mythology, Una-Kuagsak is the one-eyed Queen goddess of the Arctic Ocean. Mistress of life and death. The mother of sea-mammals.
The Undines are elementals evolved in the realm of Water.
The unicorn is a mythical horse with a straight horn projecting from the forehead.
In Lacandones mythology, Usukun is a troglodyte who rules earthquakes.
In Maori mythology, Uta is a hero and the husband of Houmea.
The Utchat was an amulet representing the eye of Horus and used in ancient Egypt. According to the book of the dead, the amulet should be made of lapis-lazuli or mak stone. However, these amulets have been found made of almost every conceivable material.
In Finnish mythology, Vainamoinen was the son of the fertilizing sea and the creation-goddess Luonnotar. He spent 700 years reaching maturity in Luonnotar's womb, and a further 30 years as a grown man sitting there, becoming ever more bored and shouting vainly to the sun and stars to help him. But the sun and stars could not hear him and Luonnotar, innocent of sex and childbirth, had no idea she was even pregnant. Finally in desperation, Vainamoinen began hauling himself hand over hand out of her womb and clambered out of her before swimming ashore to the country that was to become Finland. He began clearing land for farming using magic as he had no tools. He fought, and defeated the giant Joukahainen using his magic.
In Slav mythology, a Vampire is an undead corpse which lives by drinking the blood of the living.
In German mythology, Venusberg was the mountain groto in which the knight Tannhauser found Venus and her court and spent his days with her in a long debauch, until satiated and filled with remorse he sought Pope Urban at Rome, and begged absolution for his sin.
In Finnish mythology, Vete-Ema is the goddess of oceans, seas, lakes, rivers and streams, the spirit of water and Queen of aquatic life.
In Maori mythology, Waitiri is a goddess who descended to earth, married a human and taught man how to fish with barbs.
In Dakota mythology, Wakinyan is the thunder-spirit.
In Sioux mythology, Wakonda is the Great Spirit.
Walpurgisnacht is the German festival celebrated on May the 1st. It is the time when the witches of Central Europe rendezvous in the Harz Mountains, circling around the bare peak of the Brocken plotting evil. The festival is named after Saint Walburga.
In Balinese mythology, Waruna is the god of oceans, sea, rain and water who rules the west and is married to Durga.
In Javanese mythology, Watu Gunung was a king who unwittingly married his own mother.
In Australian Aborigine mythology, the Whowie is the most terrible creature in existence. twenty feet long with six legs and the head of a frog and a tail. He would attack and devour anything that came his way.
In Australian mythology, Woo was a strange man like creature with a single arm formed from two arms and a single leg formed from two legs. He was an expert marksman and adept at balance.
In Kwakiutl mythology, Yagis is a sea monster that overturns canoes and eats their crews.
In Canaanite mythology, Yarikh was the moon god.
In Japanese mythology, yata is the star-mirror of the sun goddess.
In Australian Aborigne mythology, Yee-Na-Pah is a beautiful mountain devil girl chosen by In-Nard-Dooah for his wife.
In Javanese mythology, Yudistira is the eldest of the Pandawas. He is the ideal of the righteous brother, the fair fighter, the conscientious just ruler. He is married to Drupadi.
Zakmuk was the ancient Babylonian celebration of the new year associated with Marduk, lasting about twelve days.
In Babylonian mythology, Zu is an evil lesser-god who steals the tablets of destiny from Enlil while he was washing, and flies away to his mountain. He was killed by Lugalbanda who was sent by the gods to retrieve the tables of destiny.